Jesus went out.
He saw a tax collector,
At the tax booth.
He said to him.
Καὶ μετὰ ταῦτα ἐξῆλθεν, καὶ ἐθεάσατο τελώνην ὀνόματι Λευεὶν καθήμενον ἐπὶ τὸ τελώνιον, καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ Ἀκολούθει μοι.
The call of Levi or Matthew follows the story of the paralytic healing in all three synoptic gospels. Luke said that Jesus went out (Καὶ μετὰ ταῦτα ἐξῆλθεν), presumably in Capernaum. There he saw a tax collector (καὶ ἐθεάσατο τελώνην), named Levi (ὀνόματι Λευεὶν), sitting at the tax booth (καθήμενον ἐπὶ τὸ τελώνιον). He said to him (καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ) to follow him (Ἀκολούθει μοι). Mark, chapter 2:14, and Matthew, chapter 9:9, are similar to Luke, so that Mark might be the source of this event. However, there are some significant differences. Matthew called this man Matthew instead of Levi, his Jewish name. Luke also followed Mark in calling him Levi. Matthew and Luke did not mention his father, but Mark did. It was strange that if this Matthew the apostle was the author of this gospel, why he did not mention the name of his father. Both Matthew and Mark said that Jesus was walking along, when he saw Levi, the son of Alphaeus, or Matthew, sitting in his tax office, toll booth, or tax booth. Jesus simply said to him to follow him.
“As Jesus was walking along,
He saw a man
He was sitting
At the tax booth.
Jesus said to him.
He got up.
He followed him.”
Καὶ παράγων ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἐκεῖθεν εἶδεν ἄνθρωπον καθήμενον ἐπὶ τὸ τελώνιον, Μαθθαῖον λεγόμενον, καὶ λέγει αὐτῷ Ἀκολούθει μοι. καὶ ἀναστὰς ἠκολούθησεν αὐτῷ.
This saying about the call of Matthew is similar to Mark, chapter 2:14, and Luke, chapter 5:27-28, but there he was called Levi, his Jewish name, and not Matthew. Also, the other stories mention his father, but not here. It is strange that if this Matthew the apostle was the author of this gospel, why it was not mentioned here. Jesus was walking along (Καὶ παράγων ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἐκεῖθεν), when he saw a man called Matthew sitting in his tax office, toll booth, or tax booth (εἶδεν ἄνθρωπον καθήμενον ἐπὶ τὸ τελώνιον, Μαθθαῖον λεγόμενον). Jesus simply said to him, “Follow me!” (καὶ λέγει αὐτῷ Ἀκολούθει μοι). Then Matthew got up and followed him (καὶ ἀναστὰς ἠκολούθησεν αὐτῷ) without any need to explain why or how he was doing this. At this point in the Matthew gospel narrative, he is the 5th named apostle after Simon Peter, Andrew, James, and John, the first individual without a brother follower.
The Acts of the Apostles, from 70-90 CE, has been associated with Luke, the gospel writer. This book described the activities of the early Christians in their various missionary efforts. The Book of Revelation, from around 70-100 CE, is apocalyptic in nature, as it describes the end times. Some have claimed that this belongs to John, the apostle. Both these books emphasize the role of the Christian community as it developed and what might happen to it in the future.
There are four canonical gospels that have been ascribed to various individuals. The Gospel of Matthew, from around 70-100 CE, was attributed to Matthew, the apostle. The Gospel of Mark, from around 60-70 CE, was attributed to a companion of Peter called Mark. The Gospel of Luke, from around 80-90 CE, was considered to be a traveling companion of Paul. The Gospel of John, from the later 90-100 CE, was attributed to the apostle of Jesus named John.