The sacrifice offering (Lk 2:24-2:24)

“They offered

A sacrifice,

According to

What is stated

In the law

Of the Lord.

‘A pair of turtledoves,

Or two young pigeons.’”

 

καὶ τοῦ δοῦναι θυσίαν κατὰ τὸ εἰρημένον ἐν τῷ νόμῳ Κυρίου, ζεῦγος τρυγόνων ἢ δύο νοσσοὺς περιστερῶν.

 

Luke said that Mary and Joseph offered a sacrifice (καὶ τοῦ δοῦναι θυσίαν), according to what was stated in the law of the Lord (κατὰ τὸ εἰρημένον ἐν τῷ νόμῳ Κυρίου).  They were offering a pair of turtledoves (ζεῦγος τρυγόνων) or 2 young pigeons (ἢ δύο νοσσοὺς περιστερῶν.).  Leviticus, chapter 12:5-8, said that when the days of purification were completed, the new mother had to bring a lamb and a pigeon to the entrance of the tent of meeting for a sin offering and a burnt offering.  If she could not afford a lamb, she could bring two pigeons or two turtledoves, which was the case here, since Mary was giving the offering of a poor person.  The priest then made atonement on her behalf to make her clean.  Thus, the unclean mother’s birth had to become clean with a burnt and sin offering, since childbirth was considered an unclean action.  Her period of uncleanness was much longer than merely touching a dead unclean animal.

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The bronze basin (Ex 30:17-30:21)

Yahweh spoke to Moses. ‘You shall make a bronze basin with a bronze stand for washing.  You shall put it between the tent of meeting and the altar, and you shall put water in it.  With the water, Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet.  When they go into the tent of meeting, or when they come near the altar to minister, to make an offering by fire to Yahweh, they shall wash with water, so that they may not die.  They shall wash their hands and their feet, so that they may not die.  It shall be a perpetual ordinance for them, for him, and for his descendants throughout their generations.’”

Once again it is Yahweh who speaks to Moses to tell him exactly how things are to be done.  There shall be a bronze basin with a bronze stand for washing.  Aaron and his sons will wash their hands and feet when they go into the meeting tent or the altar, so that they would not die.  This is a pretty tough penalty for not washing your hands and feet, death.  Once again this is a perpetual ordinance.