Who made it,
Exerts itself to punish the unrighteous.
It relaxes on behalf of those
Who trust in you.
Therefore at that time also,
Changed into all forms,
It served your all-nourishing bounty,
Aaccording to the desire of those who had need,
Thus your children,
Whom you loved,
That it is not the production of crops
That feeds humankind.
But your word sustains
Those who trust in you.
What was not destroyed by fire
When simply warmed by a fleeting ray of the sun.
This was to make it known
That one must rise before the sun
To give you thanks.
One must pray to you
At the dawning of the light.
The hope of an ungrateful person
Will melt like wintry frost.
This hope will flow away like waste water.”
Creation serves God by punishing the unrighteous. However, it gives bounty to those whom you love, your children, your sons (οἱ υἱοί σου). People should learn that it is not the production of crops that feeds people, but the word of the Lord (Κύριε) that sustains them. Thus fire can destroy or warm a crop. Therefore, humans should rise in the morning before sunlight to give thanks and pray to God. Otherwise, the hope of an ungrateful person will melt like frost. Their hope will flow away like waste water.
“Your hands have made me.
You have fashioned me.
Give me understanding!
Thus I may learn your commandments.
Those who fear you
Shall see me.
They shall rejoice,
Because I have hoped in your word.
I know that your judgments are right.
You have humbled me.
Let your steadfast love become my comfort,
According to your promise
To your servant.
Let your mercy come to me.
Thus I may live.
Your law is my delight.
Let the arrogant be put to shame.
They have subverted me with guile.
As for me,
I will meditate on your precepts.
Let those who fear you
Turn to me.
Thus they may know your decrees.
May my heart be blameless in your statutes.
Thus I may not be put to shame.”
Once again, the steadfast love of Yahweh sustains the psalmist’s love for the law. He recognized that Yahweh had made him. He wanted to gain an understanding of the commandments. Those who fear Yahweh would rejoice. He had hoped in the word of God. Yahweh was faithful. His judgments were right. His steadfast love had become a comfort to this psalmist as he had promised. The psalmist delighted in the law as he expected the mercy of God. The arrogant were to be put to shame because the psalmist was going to meditate on the precepts of Yahweh. In fact, he was going to teach others because his heart was blameless. He was not going to be put to shame. So ends this section on the tenth consonant letter of the Hebrew alphabet, Yod.
A psalm of David
O my soul!
All that is within me,
Bless his holy name!
O my soul!
Do not forget all his benefits!
Who forgives all your iniquity?
Who heals all your diseases?
Who redeems your life from the Pit?
Who crowns you with steadfast love?
Who crowns you with mercy?
Who satisfies you with good
As long as you live?
Thus your youth is renewed like the eagles.”
Psalm 103 is simply a thanksgiving psalm of David. In the opening verses, he repeats the same phrases. Yahweh is to be blessed from his soul. Then David pointed out all the benefits of Yahweh with a series of questions. Yahweh forgives iniquities. He heals all diseases. He saves people from the pit or the grave. He crowns us with steadfast love, mercy, and goodness. He sustains our lives so that we remain young eagles.