“While the boy
Was coming to Jesus,
The demon threw him down
But Jesus rebuked
The unclean spirit.
He healed the boy.
He gave him back
To his father.”
ἔτι δὲ προσερχομένου αὐτοῦ ἔρρηξεν αὐτὸν τὸ δαιμόνιον καὶ συνεσπάραξεν· ἐπετίμησεν δὲ ὁ Ἰησοῦς τῷ πνεύματι τῷ ἀκαθάρτῳ, καὶ ἰάσατο τὸν παῖδα καὶ ἀπέδωκεν αὐτὸν τῷ πατρὶ αὐτοῦ.
Luke said that while the young man was coming to Jesus (ἔτι δὲ προσερχομένου αὐτοῦ), the demon threw him down to the ground (ἔρρηξεν αὐτὸν τὸ δαιμόνιον) with convulsions (καὶ συνεσπάραξεν). But Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit (πετίμησεν δὲ ὁ Ἰησοῦς τῷ πνεύματι τῷ ἀκαθάρτῳ). He healed the boy (καὶ ἰάσατο τὸν παῖδα). He gave him back to his father (καὶ ἀπέδωκεν αὐτὸν τῷ πατρὶ αὐτοῦ). Both Matthew, chapter 17:18 and Luke here have a summary of a more detailed longer statement from Mark, chapter 9:20-27, about this mute epileptic boy. Mark said that they brought the boy to Jesus. However, when the evil spirit saw Jesus, it immediately convulsed the boy. The boy fell on the ground and began to roll around, foaming at the mouth. In fact, Jesus got to see what the father had described to him earlier. Jesus asked the father of this boy how long had these convulsions been happening to him. The father said that it had been happening since his childhood. This evil spirit would often cast him into both fire and water, as Matthew had mentioned, in order to destroy him. Then the father asked Jesus, if he was able to do anything to help his son. He wanted Jesus to have pity and compassion on him and his son. Jesus said to him that all things could be done for the one who believed. Belief was the key ingredient for any success in this area. The father of the child cried out that he believed, but he wanted help with his unbelief. This was a strong statement of belief that also recognized unbelief at the same time. Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit. He directly commanded this unclean evil spirit that had kept this boy from speaking and hearing to come out of him, never again to enter him. Jesus then got rid of the unclean spirit that was in this boy in a public act in front of a crowd. After crying out and terribly convulsing the boy with spasms, the evil spirit came out of the boy, who became a corpse. Most of the people said that the boy was dead. Could this boy live without the evil spirit in him? Jesus took the boy by the hand. He lifted him up, so that he rose up, and was able to stand up on his feet by himself. The boy was not dead. There was a clear equivalence between the illness of epilepsy and demonic possession. Once the devil or evil spirits had left the boy, he was cured of his various ailments. Have you ever dealt with an epileptic?
“Then they came
To drive out
Those who were selling
And those who were buying
In the temple.
Of the money-changers.
Of those who sold doves.”
Καὶ ἔρχονται εἰς Ἱεροσόλυμα. Καὶ εἰσελθὼν εἰς τὸ ἱερὸν ἤρξατο ἐκβάλλειν τοὺς πωλοῦντας καὶ τοὺς ἀγοράζοντας ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ, καὶ τὰς τραπέζας τῶν κολλυβιστῶν καὶ τὰς καθέδρας τῶν πωλούντων τὰς περιστερὰς κατέστρεψεν,
This description of Jesus in the Temple by Mark, can be found in Matthew, chapter 21:12, almost word for word, and Luke, chapter 19:45, with a short summary. In John, chapter 2:14-16, there is a more elaborate description, but at the beginning of the ministry of Jesus. Mark described how Jesus and his disciples entered Jerusalem (Καὶ ἔρχονται εἰς Ἱεροσόλυμα). When they entered the Temple (Καὶ εἰσῆλθεν εἰς τὸ ἱερόν), Jesus began to drive out or throw out (ἤρξατο ἐκβάλλειν) those who was selling (τοὺς πωλοῦντας), or buying (καὶ τοὺς ἀγοράζοντας) animals for the sacrifice offerings in the Temple (ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ). John said that he had whips. He overturned the tables of the money-changers (καὶ τὰς τραπέζας τῶν κολλυβιστῶν), who converted foreign coins into the Temple shekels for the Temple offerings. He also overturned the chairs or the seats of those who were selling doves (καὶ τὰς καθέδρας τῶν πωλούντων τὰς περιστεράς κατέστρεψεν) for the Temple sacrifices. All these people were functionaries of the Temple. They were trying to help people make the right sacrificial offerings there. Obviously, they made money from these sales, but this was the normal customary thing in the Temple. Jesus upset these people with this somewhat violent action. Up until this point, Jesus had been very mild mannered.
When the spirit
On the ground.
He rolled around,
At the mouth.”
καὶ ἤνεγκαν αὐτὸν πρὸς αὐτόν. καὶ ἰδὼν αὐτὸν τὸ πνεῦμα εὐθὺς συνεσπάραξεν αὐτόν, καὶ πεσὼν ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἐκυλίετο ἀφρίζων.
Only Luke, chapter 9:42, has a summary of this statement from Mark, who said that they brought the boy to Jesus (καὶ ἤνεγκαν αὐτὸν πρὸς αὐτόν.). When the spirit saw Jesus (καὶ ἰδὼν αὐτὸν τὸ πνεῦμα), immediately (εὐθὺς), it convulsed the boy (συνεσπάραξεν αὐτόν). He fell on the ground (καὶ πεσὼν ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς). He began to roll around (ἐκυλίετο), foaming at the mouth (ἀφρίζων). In fact, Jesus got to see what the father had described earlier.
Go through the gates!
Prepare the way for the people!
Build up the highway!
Clear it of stones!
Lift up an ensign
Over the people!
Yahweh has proclaimed
To the ends of the earth.
Say to daughter Zion!
Your salvation comes!
His reward is with him!
His recompense is before him.’
They shall be called.
‘The holy people!
The redeemed of Yahweh!’
You shall be called.
A city not forsaken.’”
Here we have a summary of all that had proceeded. The Israelites were to go through the gates in order to prepare a way for the others to come. They were to build up the highway and clear it of stones so that it would be a level road to walk on. They were to lift up a symbolic sign over the people. Yahweh has proclaimed to the ends of the earth that his daughter Zion will be saved. Zion was to receive their rewards and compensation. They were to be called the holy people, the people redeemed by Yahweh. They would be a city sought out and not forsaken. Jerusalem would be restored as a shining city on a hill.
“Then he brought Israel out with silver and gold.
There was no one among their tribes who stumbled.
Egypt was glad when they departed.
The dread of them had fallen upon Egypt.
He spread a cloud for a covering.
He spread a fire to give light by night.
Then he brought quails.
He gave them food from heaven in abundance.
He opened the rock.
Then water gushed out.
It flowed through the desert like a river.”
This is quick summary of Exodus, chapters 12-17. The Israelites left Egypt with silver and gold. No one of their tribes stumbled or fell. Thus Egypt was glad that they were gone since they were afraid of what would happen next. In the desert, they had a cloud for covering during the day and a fire as light at night. They wanted food and water, so God provided quails that flew in and manna from heaven in abundance as food. Moses struck a rock so that there was water in abundance like a river in the desert.
“Surely one does not turn against the needy.
When in disaster they cry for help.
Did I not weep for those whose day was hard?
Was not my soul grieved for the poor?
But when I looked for good,
When I waited for light,
My inward parts are in turmoil.
They are never still.
Days of affliction come to meet me.
I go about in sunless gloom.
I stand up in the assembly.
I cry for help.
I am a brother of jackals.
I am a companion of ostriches.
My skin turns black.
My skin falls from me.
My bones burn with heat.
My lyre is turned to mourning.
My pipe is turned to the voice of those who weep.”
This is Job’s final summary lament. The so-called patient Job was upset about his situation. Job had tried to help the needy and the poor when they needed help. However, no one heard his cry for help. He was looking for good things, but all he got was evil things. He wanted light and all he got was darkness. His stomach was upset with various afflictions that had come to him. Every day was a cloudy day. He was like a brother to wild dogs and ostriches. His skin was turning black and falling off. His whole body felt like it was burning up. His musical instruments only played mourning and weeping songs. This was the Job who did not like his situation. This was the distressed impatient Job pleading with God.
“Now we will tell what took place under Antiochus Eupator, who was the son of that ungodly man. We will give a brief summary of the principal calamities of the wars. This man, when he succeeded to the kingdom, appointed one Lysias to have charge of the government and to be the chief governor of Coele-syria and Phoenicia.”
This biblical author clearly states that he is going to talk about King Antiochus V, Eupator. He used the first person plural “we” here. He really disliked King Antiochus IV, his father Epiphanes, whom he called ungodly, even after his deathbed conversion. He did not mention that the new king was only 9 years old. King Antiochus V ruled for only 2 years until he was 11, when he was killed. He had been brought up by Lysias who gave him the name of Eupator, so the fact that Lysias was in charge did not seem that unusual. In fact, Philip was aware of this situation and had fled to Egypt.