Subjection (1 Cor. 15:27)

“‘God has put all things

In subjection

Under his feet.’

But when it says,

‘All things are put in subjection

Under him.’

It is plain

That this does not include

The one who put all things

Under him.”

πάντα γὰρ ὑπέταξεν ὑπὸ τοὺς πόδας αὐτοῦ. ὅταν δὲ εἴπῃ ὅτι πάντα ὑποτέτακται, δῆλον ὅτι ἐκτὸς τοῦ ὑποτάξαντος αὐτῷ τὰ πάντα.

Paul said that God has put all things in subjection (πάντα γὰρ ὑπέταξεν) under his feet (ὑπὸ τοὺς πόδας αὐτοῦ).  But when it says (ὅταν δὲ εἴπῃ) that all things are put in subjection under him (ὅτι πάντα ὑποτέτακται), it is plain (ὅτι ἐκτὸς) that this does not include the one who put all things under him (τοῦ ὑποτάξαντος αὐτῷ τὰ πάντα).  Paul once again referred to Psalm 8:6, that all things were subject to the feet of Jesus.  In Psalm 8:6, humans had dominion over the works of God, since all things are under their feet.  This was allusion to all humans in general, not just David.  Thus, all things were subject to God, except for one person, that would be Jesus Christ, the Son of God.  Why is Jesus Christ so exceptional?

The reversal of freedom (Jer 34:15-34:16)

“You yourselves recently repented.

You did what was right

In my sight

By proclaiming liberty,

To one another.

You made a covenant

Before me

In the house

That is called by my name.

But then you turned around.

You profaned my name.

Each of you took back

Your male slaves,

Your female slaves,

Whom you had set free

According to their desire.

You brought them again

Into subjection

To be your slaves.”

Yahweh seems upset that the people of Jerusalem have gone back on their agreement to free their Hebrew slaves. Originally, they had repented. They did what was right in the eyes of God. They had proclaimed by a covenant in the Temple of Yahweh that the Hebrew slaves in Jerusalem would be set free. However, then they changed their minds. They profaned the name of Yahweh and the Temple by breaking their commitment to free their slaves. They took back both their male and female slaves into subjection again. This is odd since the slaves had no place to go. There was never any mention of non-Hebrew slaves.

The re-enslavement (Jer 34:11-34:11)

“But afterwards,

They turned around.

They took back

Both the male slaves

With the female slaves

That they had set free.

They brought them again

Into subjection

As slaves.”

However, this proclamation of liberty for the Hebrew slaves did not last long. These Hebrew slave owners took back their Hebrew slaves, both male and female, the very ones that they had set free. They once again brought them back into subjection as slaves. Perhaps they thought that the attack of the Babylonians was not going to be that bad.