“Now these are the names of the Israelites, who came into Egypt, Jacob and his offspring, who came to Egypt. Reuben, Jacob’s first-born, and the children of Reuben: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. The children of Simeon: Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul, the son of a Canaanite woman. The children of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. The children of Judah: Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah, but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul. The children of Issachar: Tola, Puvah, Jashub, and Shimron. The children of Zebulun: Sered, Elon, and Jahleel. These are the sons of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob in Paddan-aram, together with his daughter Dinah. In all, his sons and his daughters numbered thirty-three.”
Now we find out who was in the original family of Israel. From now on they will be called Israelites, rather than sons of Israel, or children of Israel, or people of Israel. Here are the 33 people of the 6 families that come from Leah, the oldest sister. This represents nearly half the group. By way of summary here are the children of the sons of Jacob/Israel with their tribal or clan names:
1) Reuben (the Reubenites) and his children – Hanoch (the Hanochites), Pallu (the Palluites), Hezron (the Hezronites), and Carmi (the Carmites).
2) Simeon (the Simeonites) and his children – Jemuel (the Jemuelites), Jamin (the Jaminites), Ohad, Jachin (Jachinites), Zohar, and Shaul (the Shaulites), the son of a Canaanite woman. Notice that Ohad and Zohar do not have any clans named after them. They may have died out.
3) Levi (the Levites) and his children – Gershon (Gershonites), Kohath (Kohathites, and Merari (the Merarites).
4) Judah (the tribe of Judah) and his children – Er, Onan, (these first two died in Canaan.) Shelah (the Shelanites), Perez (the tribe of Perez), and Zerah (the Zarhites). Judah is always called a tribe and not Judahnites, as does the children of Perez. Perez had two sons, Hezron (same name as son of Reuben) and Hamul (Hamulites).
5) Issachar (tribe of Issachar) and his children – Tola (the Tolaites), Puvah, (the Punites), Jashub (the Jashubites) and Shimron (the Shimronites).
6) Zebulun (tribe of Zebulun) and his children – Sered (the Seredites) , Elon (the Elonites), and Jahleel (the Jahleelites).
7) Dinah, daughter of Leah and Jacob, the only daughter mentioned.
“The children of Gad: Ziphion, Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, and Areli. The sons of Asher: Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, Beriah, with their sister Serah. The children of Beriah: Heber and Malchiel. These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to his daughter Leah and these she bore to Jacob, sixteen persons.”
These are the 2 children of Jacob and Zilpah, the maid servant of Leah. There 16 all went to Egypt.
1) Gad (the Gadites) and his children – Ziphion (the Ziphonites), Haggi (the Haggites), Shuni (the Shunites), Ezbon, Eri (the Erites), Arodi, and Areli (the Arelites).
2) Asher (the Asherites) and his children – Imnah (the Imnites), Ishvah, Ishvi (the Ishvites), Beriah (the Berites), and sister Serah. Beriah has two children, Heber (the Herberites) and Malchiel (the Malchielites).
“The children of Jacob’s wife: Joseph and Benjamin. To Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, whom Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of On, bore to him. The children of Benjamin: Bela, Becher, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and Ard. These are the children of Rachel, who were born to Jacob, fourteen persons in all.”
These are the two sons of Rachel. There were 14 in all. Benjamin for being so young had the most children, 10.
1) Joseph’s (tribe of Joseph) sons were Manasseh (tribe of Manasseh) and Ephraim (tribe of Ephraim), but they were already in Egypt.
2) Benjamin’s (the Benjaminites) sons were Bela (the Belaites), Becher (Becherites), Ashbel (the Ashbelites), Gera, Naaman (the Naamites), Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim and Ard (the Ardites).
“The children of Dan: Hushim. The sons of Naphtali: Jahzeel, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem. These are the children of Bilhah, whom Laban gave to his daughter Rachel and these she bore to Jacob, seven persons in all.”
These are the 2 sons of Bilhah, the maid servant of Rachel, 7 persons in all.
1) Dan’s (the Danites) child – Hushim (the Hushites) (only one child).
2) Naphtali’s (the tribe of Naphtali) children – Jahzeel (Jahzeelites), Guni (Gunites), Jezer (Jezerites), and Shillem (Shillemites).
“All the persons belonging to Jacob who came into Egypt, who were his own offspring, not including the wives of his offspring were sixty-six persons in all. The children of Joseph, who were born to him in Egypt, were two. All the persons of the house of Jacob who came into Egypt were seventy.”
This priestly tradition does not include the wives of Jacob’s children. It does include the names of his 4 wives and there are 2 other women mentioned, Dinah and Serah, but no other daughters. Why should they count since this is a strong patriarchal society? Thus this list numbered 66 people and if you count Joseph, his two sons, as well as Jacob you get to 70.