The punishment for Edom (Ob 1:2-1:4)

“I will surely make you

Least among the nations.

You shall be

Utterly despised.

Your proud heart

Has deceived you.

You live

In the clefts

Of the rock.

This dwelling is

In the heights.

You say in your heart.

‘Who will bring me down

To the ground?’

Though you soar aloft

Like the eagle,

Though your nest

Is set among the stars,

From there,

I will bring you down.’

Says Yahweh.”

Yahweh’s oracle in Obadiah was addressed to Edom itself.  Yahweh was going to make them the least of the nations of the world.  They would be utterly despised.  Their proud hearts had deceived them.  They lived high in the rocks.  They thought that no one could bring them down to earth.  They could soar like an eagle, since their nests were in the high stars.  However, Yahweh was clear.  He was going to bring them down.

Yahweh questions Job about hawks (Job 39:26-39:30)

“Is it by your wisdom that the hawk soars?

Is it by your wisdom that it spreads its wings toward the south?

Is it at your command that the eagle mounts up?

Is it your command that makes its nest on high?

It lives on the rock.

It makes its home in the fastness of the rocky crag.

From there it spies the prey.

Its eyes see it from far away.

Its young ones suck up blood.

Where the slain are,

There it is.”

Yahweh asked Job if his wisdom made the hawks soar. Did he guide them south for winter hibernation? Did he make the eagle nests on the high mountains? The eagle hawks live in the rocky crags of the mountains so that they can spy on their prey from a long distance. Their young suck up blood. They are the first to arrive when anyone is killed. So we end these questions to Job about the heaven, the earth, and the animals that live in it. These must have been the most important animals and stars at the time of this biblical writing.