“Pride goes before destruction.
A haughty spirit happens before a fall.
It is better to be of a lowly spirit
Among the poor
Than to divide the spoil
With the proud.
Those who are attentive to a matter will prosper.
Happy are those who trust in Yahweh.
The wise of heart are called perceptive.
Pleasant speech increases persuasiveness.”
Being proud was not a good idea since it led to destruction. A haughty or proud spirit usually came before someone stumbled or fell. It is much better to be a lowly spirit among the poor than to divide up the spoils of victory with the proud people. If you are attentive to small matters you will prosper. If you trust in Yahweh, you will be happy. The wise ones are called perceptive. Pleasant speech will make it easier to be persuasive.
“You are righteous!
Your judgments are right.
You have appointed your decrees in righteousness.
You have appointed your decrees in all faithfulness.
My zeal consumes me.
Because my foes forget your words.
Your promise is well tried.
Your servant loves it.
I am small.
I am despised.
Yet I do not forget your precepts.
Your righteousness is an everlasting righteousness.
Your law is the truth.
Trouble has come upon me.
Anguish has come upon me,
However your commandments are my delight.
Your decrees are righteous forever.
Give me understanding!
Thus I may live.”
The psalmist declared that Yahweh was righteous. His judgments and decrees were righteous and faithful. The zeal of the psalmist consumed him when he found out that his foes had forgotten the words of Yahweh. He, the servant of Yahweh, loved the decrees. Although he was small and despised, he never forgot the precepts of Yahweh. Yahweh’s righteousness was everlasting because his law was the truth. Even though he was in trouble and anguish, the psalmist delighted in Yahweh’s commandments. All he asked for was understanding, so that he might live. So ends this section on the eighteenth consonant letter of the Hebrew alphabet, Cade.
“Yahweh has been mindful of us.
He will bless us.
He will bless the house of Israel.
He will bless the house of Aaron.
He will bless those who fear Yahweh,
Both small and great.”
Although there is no mention of Judah, there does seem to be a difference between “us” and the house of Israel as well as the house of Aaron, the priests. Just as in the preceding verse there is the all inclusive concept of those who fear Yahweh, whether they are small or great. Yahweh was mindful of all of them. He was going to grant his blessings to all included in these categories. This was the confident hope of the congregation that Yahweh would do this.
How manifold are your works!
You have made them all.
The earth is full of your creatures.
Yonder is the great wide sea.
Innumerable creeping things are there.
There are living things,
Both small and great.
There go the ships!
There is Leviathan
That you formed to play sport with it.”
The works of Yahweh are marvelous. Yahweh created all these things out of wisdom. The earth is full of all Yahweh’s creatures. Then the psalmist turned to the seas and how great and wide they are. However, he then talked about the innumerable living things, both great and small in the sea. Even today, we are still just beginning to understand all the living creatures in the seas. Of course, there were the ships that transported goods and people around. However, there also was the great sea monster Leviathan. Interesting enough here it is considered some kind of sport rather than a menace as outlined in Job, chapter 41.
“Are you the first man that was born?
Were you brought forth before the hills?
Have you listened in the council of God?
Do you limit wisdom to yourself?
What do you know that we do not know?
What do you understand that is not clear to us?
The gray-haired and the aged are on our side.
Those people are older than your father.
Are the consolations of God too small for you?
Are the word that deals gently with you too small for you?
Why does your heart carry you away?
Why do your eyes flash?
You turn your spirit against God.
You let such words go out of your mouth.
What are mortals?
Can mortals be clean?
God puts no trust even in his holy ones.
The heavens are not clean in his sight.
How much less one who is abominable and corrupt!
You are a man who drinks iniquity like water!”
Eliphaz now ridicules Job. He wanted to know if he was the first person born so that he was older than the hills. Was he some kind of conciliar to God? Did he think that he was the only person with wisdom? Did he think that he was smarter than everyone else? There were a lot older people living longer than Job’s father. Was God too small for Job? Why did he have flashing eyes? Why has he turned against God? Why has be spoken such words? Any mortal born of a woman is unclean and not righteous. God does not even trust his holy angels in heaven because there is uncleanness there. Job was drinking iniquity like water. Once again, this is a harsh condemnation of Job.