The first exile of Judah (Jer 24:1-24:1)

“King Nebuchadnezzar

Of Babylon

Had taken into exile

From Jerusalem

King Jeconiah,

The son of Jehoiakim,

Of Judah,

Together with

The officials of Judah,

The artisans

With the smiths.

He had brought them

To Babylon.”

This is the exile of King Coniah, King Jeconiah, or King Jehoiachin, as he was called. King Jehoiakim or King Eliakim was killed in 598 BCE. Thus his son, King Coniah, King Jeconiah, or King Jehoiachin, who was 18 years old, took over for 3 months as king, before he was taken away into the Babylonian captivity by King Nebuchadnezzar (605-562 BCE), where he lived for over 25 years there. His uncle, King Zedekiah or King Mattaniah (598-587 BCE) took over for him. At that time, they took some of the officials of Judah with some artisans or craftsmen as well as the blacksmiths and other skilled workers. They were all brought to Babylon. However, the final exile was not to happen until 11 years later, since King Jeconiah’s uncle King Zedekiah or King Mattaniah ruled in Jerusalem from 598-587 BCE as a vassal of King Nebuchadnezzar.

King Huram of Tyre will send workers to King Solomon (2 Chr 2:13-2:16)

“I have dispatched Huram-abi, a skilled artisan, endowed with understanding, the son of the Danite women. His father is a Tyrian. He is trained to work in gold, silver, bronze, iron, stone, and wood. He can also work with purple, blue, and crimson fabrics and fine linens. He can do all sorts of engraving and execute any design that may be assigned him, with your artisans, the artisans of my lord, your father King David. Now, as for the wheat, barley, oil and wine, of which my lord has spoken, let him send them to his servants. We will cut whatever timber you need from Lebanon.   We will bring it to you as rafts by sea to Joppa. Then you will take it up to Jerusalem.”

King Huram (Hiram) sent Huram-abi from Tyre, a very skilled artisan. Not only was he good with bronze, as in 1 Kings, chapter 7, he also could work with gold, silver, iron, stone and wood. This Huram-abi was also an engraver who could work with the artisans in Jerusalem, but he was not the king who has the same name. He was the son of a woman from Dan, not from Naphtali, as in 1 Kings. However, in both explanations, his father was from Tyre, probably a Phoenician. King Huram would accept all the food of wheat, barley, oil, and wine for the workers who came from Tyre and the Lebanon area. So this was a swap of food for timber and labor. The wood would be sent by the sea as wooden rafts as in 1 Kings, but here it lands in Joppa, an ancient costal town about 35 miles northwest of Jerusalem on the Mediterranean Sea.