“But some of the Pharisees
‘Why are you doing
What is not lawful
To do on the Sabbath?’”
τινὲς δὲ τῶν Φαρισαίων εἶπαν Τί ποιεῖτε ὃ οὐκ ἔξεστιν τοῖς σάββασιν;
As per usual, the Pharisees pop up to complain and question the disciples of Jesus. Luke said that some of the Pharisees said (τινὲς δὲ τῶν Φαρισαίων εἶπαν) that what the disciples of Jesus were doing was not lawful to do on the Sabbath (Τί ποιεῖτε ὃ οὐκ ἔξεστιν τοῖς σάββασιν). They posed it as a question. Matthew, chapter 12:2, and Mark, chapter 2:24, are similar to Luke, so that Mark may be the source of this incident. Matthew said that Pharisees saw the disciples of Jesus plucking the grain on the Sabbath. Deuteronomy, chapter 25:24-25, stated that it was okay to pluck the ears with your hand, but you could not put a sickle to your neighbor’s standing grain or carry it away in a container. However, Exodus, chapter 34:21, explicitly said that you could not harvest grain on the Sabbath, but did not mention any hand picking. Thus, the Pharisees said to Jesus that his disciples were doing unlawful things on the Sabbath by plucking the grain Notice that Jesus was not doing this, only his disciples were.