The listing of David’s warriors (1 Chr 11:26-11:47)

“The warriors of the armies were: Asahel the brother of Joab; Elhanan son of Dodo of Bethlehem; Shammah of Harod; Helez the Pelonite; Ira son of Ikkesh of Tekoa; Abiezer of Anathoth; Sibbecai the Hushathite; Ilai the Ahohite; Maharai of Netophah; Heled son of Baanah of Netophah; Ittai son of Ribai of Gibeah of the Benjaminites; Benaiah of Pirathon; Hurai of the Wadi of Gaash; Abiel the Arbathite; Azmaveth of Bahurim; Eliahba of Shaalbon; Hashem the Gizonite; Jonathan son of Shagee the Hararite; Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite; Eliphal son of Ur; Hepher the Mecherathite; Ahijah the Pelonite; Hezro of Carmel; Naarai son of Ezbai; Joel the brother of Nathan; Mibhar son of Hagri; Zelek the Ammonite; Naharai of Beeroth, the armor-bearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah; Ira the Ithrite; Gareb the Ithrite; Uriah the Hittite; Zabad the son of Ahlai; Adina son of Shiza the Reubenite, a leader of the Reubenites, and thirty with him; Hanan the son of Maacah; Joshaphat the Mithnite; Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel sons of Hotham the Aroerite; Jediael son of Shimri; Joha his brother, the Tizite; Eliel the Mahavite; Jeribai and Joshaviah sons of Elnaam; Ithmah the Moabite; Eliel; Obed; and Jaasiel the Mezobaite.”

This list is much like the list in 2 Samuel, chapter 23. However there are 7 omissions and 22 additions as well as 8 name changes. For more information about these men see the notes in 2 Samuel. Of those 7 mentioned in 2 Samuel, that appeared there but did not make this list, they include: Elika of Harod, Eliphelet son of Ahasbai of Maacah, Eliam son of Ahithophel the Gilonite, Paarai the Arbite, Igal son of Nathan of Zobah, and Bani the Gadite. The following 22 names were added and not in 2 Samuel: Eliphal the son of Ur, Hepher the Mecherathite, Ahijah the Pelonite, Naarai the son of Ezbai, Joel the brother of Nathan, Mibhar the son of Hagri, Zabad the son of Ahlai, Adina the son of Shiza the Reubenite, Hanan the son of Maacah, and Joshaphat the Mithnite, Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel sons of Hotham the Aroerite, Jediael the son of Shimri, and Joha his brother the Tizite, Eliel the Mahavite, Jeribai and Joshaviah sons of Elnaam, Ithmah the Moabite, Eliel, Obed, and Jaasiel the Mezobaite. The following 8 names have been changed. Helez the Paltite has become Helez the Pelonite. Mebunnai the Hushathite has become Sibbecai the Hushathite. Zalmon the Ahohite has become Ilai the Ahohite. Heleb son of Baanah of Netophah, had become Heled. Abi-albon the Arbathite has become Abiel. Hiddai of Gaash has become Hurai. Jashen has become Hashem the Gizonite. Jonathan the son of Shammah has become the son of Shagee.

The three mighty warriors of David (2 Sam 23:8-23:12)

“These are the names of the warriors whom David had. Josheb-basshebeth a Tahchemonite was chief of the three. He wielded his spear against eight hundred whom he killed at one time.”

This is the listing of the great warriors who fought with David. There were 3 outstanding fighters who were called the ‘Three.” Josheb-basshebeth was the chief of these 3 men. He once killed 800 people at one time. Interesting enough, this is the only time that his name is mentioned in all the biblical literature. He must have been a humble guy.

“Next to him among the three warriors was Eleazar son of Dodo, son of Ahohi. He was with David when they defied the Philistines who were gathered there for battle. The men of Israel withdrew, but he stood his ground. He struck down the Philistines until his arm grew weary, though his hand clung to the sword. Yahweh brought about a great victory that day. Then the men came back to him, but only to strip the dead.”

The second of the 3 great warriors was Eleazar, son of Dodo. He once stood his ground and fought the Philistines when everyone else had run off. Even though his arm was weary, he never let go of his sword. There was a great victory and the others returned to strip the dead. The only other mention of him will be in Chronicles, chapter 11.

“Next to him was Shammah, son of Agee the Hararite. The Philistines gathered together at Lehi, where there was a plot of ground full of lentils. The army fled from the Philistines. But he took his stand in the middle of the plot, defended it, and killed the Philistines. Yahweh brought about a great victory.”

The final person of this trio was Shammah. He stood in a field full of lentils and fought off the Philistines to gain a great victory. There is some question here as to whether this was David’s brother who had the same name. However, he is called the son of Agee the Hararite, which would not make him David’s brother. He is from some place called Hara and gets mentioned again.