Luke indicated that Jesus told the 70 disciples what they were to say and do, just like the 12 apostles in chapter 9:4. They were to say (εἴπατε), in the street of any town that did not welcome them, that they they were going to wipe off even the dust (Καὶ τὸν κονιορτὸν) of their town (ἐκ τῆς πόλεως) that clung to their feet (τὸν κολληθέντα ἡμῖν…εἰς τοὺς πόδας), as a protest against them (ἀπομασσόμεθα ὑμῖν). Nevertheless, they should know (πλὴν τοῦτο γινώσκετε) that the kingdom of God has come near (ὅτι ἤγγικεν ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ Θεοῦ). Earlier Luke, chapter 9:4, had indicated that Jesus said to his 12 apostle that wherever town did not welcome them, as they were leaving that town, they were to shake the dust off their feet as a testimony or witness against them. Equivalent passages to this can be found in Matthew, chapter 10:14-15, and Mark, chapter 6:11. Mark indicated that Jesus said that if any place would not receive them or listen to their words, they were to leave that place. They should shake off the dust from their feet, as a witness or testimony against them. This indicated that the dust of that house was useless. Despite their unwelcome attitude, Jesus wanted these 70 disciples to let the people of this town know that the kingdom of God was near. Have you ever shaken the dust of your feet in front of anyone as a protest?
Luke indicated that Jesus said the one who had heard his word and acted on it was like a man building a house (ὅμοιός ἐστιν ἀνθρώπῳ οἰκοδομοῦντι οἰκίαν). He dug deeply (ὃς ἔσκαψεν καὶ ἐβάθυνεν). He laid the foundation on a rock (καὶ ἔθηκεν θεμέλιον ἐπὶ τὴν πέτραν). When a flood came (πλημμύρης δὲ γενομένης), the streams of the river burst against that house (ροσέρηξεν ὁ ποταμὸς τῇ οἰκίᾳ ἐκείνῃ). However, they could not shake it (καὶ οὐκ ἴσχυσεν σαλεῦσαι αὐτὴν), because it had been well built (διὰ τὸ καλῶς οἰκοδομῆσθαι αὐτήν). This is just like Matthew, chapter 7:24-25, which might indicate a Q source. Jesus said there that these wise people built a house on a rock foundation or solid rocky ground. The rains fell and the floods came. The winds would blow and beat against this house, but it did not fall, because it was built on a strong foundation. This rock foundation was the words of Jesus carried out in daily life. The fairy tale story of the 3 pigs with the brick, straw, and grass houses is similar to this saying about the stone foundation that could not be destroyed. How have you built your house?
Habakkuk has a series of taunts against the Chaldeans because of their behavior. These 5 woes or curses were delivered in mocking riddles. First of all, they have stored up things that were not their own. How long would they continue to take things as pledges for the future? Those creditors would rise up against them, and make them tremble and shake. Then, they would become the booty of the people whom they plundered. They have plundered so many countries, that the surviving countries would plunder them. There was so much violence and bloodshed in the cities where people lived. Does that sound familiar?
Yahweh was going to command and shake the house of Israel among all the countries in the world. He was going to shake them like a sieve. However, no pebble would fall to the ground. All the sinners among his people would die by the sword. Who were these sinners? These were the ones who said that evil would not overtake or meet them.
The final vision of Amos was when he saw Yahweh standing beside the altar, presumably the altar at Bethel in Samaria. Yahweh said to Amos that he was going to strike the capitals or the tops of the columns so that the thresholds or the rest of the support systems would shake. In fact, they would all tumble and shatter on the heads of the people there. Anyone left over, Yahweh was going to kill with the sword. No one would get away or escape from this false temple at Bethel.
There was going to be a great turbulence when Yahweh showed up in Israel. Everyone and everything would shake at his presence. This included the fish, the birds, the creeping things, and all the humans on the face of the earth. The mountains and the cliffs would also fall down. All the walls would tumble to the ground. Yahweh’s presence would be like an earthquake.
Yahweh, via Ezekiel, said that he had made the other nations shake at the sound of this falling great cedar tree. Yahweh had cast it down to Sheol where others had gone into the pit also. This included the choice and best cedar trees from Lebanon and the Garden of Eden. All these well-watered trees were consoled in the world below. They all went down to Sheol with those who had been killed by the sword, as well as the allies who had lived in the shadow of this great tree.
The king of Babylon had a lot of horses, so many that the dust from these galloping horses would cover them up. The cavalry would make such a loud noise that the walls would shake. The noisy wheels of the chariots, driven by horses, would enter their gates as if there were no gates there. The hoofs of their horses would trample all their streets. Their people would be killed. Their large pillars would be crushed to the ground. In very colorful language, there would be a lot of horses with cavalry and chariots attacking Tyre.
This author talks about the people passing by Jerusalem, the outsiders, who deride this once beautiful city. They clap their hands as a sign of derision. They hiss at this city. They shake their heads in astonishment at the daughters of Jerusalem. What happened to this beautiful city that was a joy to all people on earth? Destruction is what happened. This verse starts with the Hebrew consonant letter Samek. Each verse after this will use the next letter of the Hebrew alphabet in this acrostic poem.