The powerful successful king (Ps 72:8-72:11)

“May he have dominion

From sea to sea!

May he have dominion

From the river to the ends of the earth!

May his foes

Bow down before him!

May his enemies

Lick the dust!

May the kings of Tarshish

Render him tribute!

May the kings of the isles

Render him tribute!

May the kings of Sheba and Seba

Bring gifts!

May all kings

Fall down before him!

All nations

Give him service!”

Now we have the practical empire of the king. He will be king from sea to shining sea even to the ends of the earth. His foes will bow down before him, while his enemies will lick dust. What a nice thought! The kings of Tarshish and various islands will render him tribute. The kings of Sheba and Seba will also bring gifts and tribute. The river mentioned here is the Euphrates River, since that was a border area easily recognized. Tarshish maybe Spain and the other Mediterranean islands. Sheba and Seba are probably Arabian countries. There is no mention of the Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Egyptians, and other common enemies, suggesting maybe a post-exilic writing. King Solomon had been an idealist wise king that everyone respected. Thus all the kings and all the nations would bring gifts and give service to him.

The descendents of Cush (1 Chr 1:9-1:10)

“The descendents of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah and Sabteca. The descendents of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan. Cush became the father of Nimrod. He was the first to be a mighty one in the earth.”

This is exactly the same as Genesis, chapter 10. Obviously, Cush is the name of the land in northeast Africa, now called Ethiopia, and the surrounding area like Somalia. In fact, Moses’ wife was called a Cushite who lived in Midian in Numbers, chapter 12. 3 of Cush’s sons (1) Seba, (2) Sabtah, and (3) Sabteca, are not mentioned elsewhere in the biblical literature. (4) Havilah poses a special problem since there was a place with this name around the Garden of Eden. A man with the same name was the son of Joktan, in the descendent line of Shem. Only (5) Raamah has his 2 sons listed (1) Sheba and (2) Dedan. Raamah was also a country somewhere in Yemen that traded with Tyre, as well as an Israelite city near Tyre. There also was a kingdom called Sheba that may also be in southern Arabia near Yemen. The Queen of this Sheba visited Solomon. Interesting enough, Havilah and Sheba appear with the same names as the sons of Joktan, who was a descendent of Shem. There may have been 2 people named Sheba, one a Cushite and the other a Semite. There is another Dedan who was the grandson of Abraham via his concubine Keturah. However, the most important son of Cush was listed separately. (6) Nimrod became the king of Shinar, a mighty person. In fact, the land of Assyria or Mesopotamia was sometimes called the land of Nimrod. An oral tradition holds that it was Nimrod who built the Tower of Babel. A lot of written literature has arisen around Nimrod who might have come into the Israelite sphere of influence after the Assyrian and Babylonian captivity. Some Midrash sources have Nimrod and Abraham having a fight. Nimrod became a mythical figure with Dante’s Inferno and some Free Masons.