The installation of Eliakim (Isa 22:20-22:21)

“On that day,

I will call my servant Eliakim,

Son of Hilkiah.

I will clothe him with your robe.

I will bind your sash on him.

I will commit your authority

To his hand.

He shall be a father

To the inhabitants of Jerusalem,

To the house of Judah.”

Yahweh, via Isaiah, will call Eliakim son of Hilkiah to take the place of Shebna. Eliakim is mentioned about 10 times between here in Isaiah and 2 Kings, chapter 18-19. He was the leader of the royal palace of King Hezekiah, who conducted the peace negotiations with the Assyrian invaders. On the day that Shebna was removed from his position, Eliakim was installed as the new master of the royal palace, but he seems to get more authority than his predecessor. Eliakim got Shebna’s robe and sash with all the authority that came with it. However, he also was to be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem and the house of Judah, a much bigger title.

The headpiece turban, tunic and sash (Ex 28:36-28:39)

“You shall make a rosette of pure gold, and engrave on it, like the engraving of a signet, ‘Holy to Yahweh.’  You shall fasten it on the turban with a blue cord.  It shall be on the front of the turban.  It shall be on Aaron’s forehead.  Aaron shall take on himself any guilt incurred in the holy offering that the Israelites consecrate as their sacred donations.  It shall always be on his forehead, in order that they may find favor before Yahweh.  You shall make the checkered tunic of fine linen.  You shall make a turban of fine linen.  You shall make a sash embroidered with needlework.”

Linen is used here for the tunic, turban and sash.  However, the turban has an elaborate crown on it, a rosette of pure gold.  A rosette is like a small flower design.  The engraving on it says ‘Holy to Yahweh.’ This little golden crown flower is fastened to the turban with a blue cord.  Thus, it is on the front of the turban on Aaron’s forehead.   Not much is said about the checkered tunic and the sash.

The priestly vestments (Ex 28:1-28:5)

“Then bring near to you your brother Aaron, and his sons with him, from among the Israelites, to serve me as priests.   Aaron and Aaron’s sons, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar will serve as priests.  You shall make sacred vestments for the glorious adornment of your brother Aaron. You shall speak to all who have ability, whom I have endowed with skill, that they make Aaron’s vestments to consecrate him for my priesthood.  These are the vestments that they shall make: a breastplate, an ephod, a robe, a checkered tunic, a turban, and a sash.  When they make these sacred vestments for your brother Aaron and his sons to serve me as priests, they shall use gold, blue, purple, and crimson yarns and fine linens.”

Aaron and his 4 sons will serve as priests to Yahweh.  There is no mention of Moses’ 2 sons.  Skilled workers were needed to make Aaron’s vestments so that he could be consecrated to the priesthood.  The following are the vestments that will be laid with gold, blue, purple, and crimson yarns and linens: 1) a breastplate, 2) an ephod, 3) a robe, 4) a checkered tunic, 5) a turban, 6) and a sash.