The ephod (Ex 39:1-39:7)

“Of the blue, purple, and crimson yarns they made finely worked vestments, for ministering in the holy place.  They made the sacred vestments for Aaron, as Yahweh had commanded Moses.  He made the ephod of gold, of blue, purple, and crimson yarns, and of fine twisted linen.  Gold leaf was hammered out and cut into threads to work into the blue, purple, and crimson yarns and into the fine twisted linen, in a skilled design.  They made for the ephod shoulder-pieces, joined to it at its two edges.   The decorated band on it was of the same materials and workmanship, of gold, of blue and purple and crimson yarns, and of fine twined linen, as Yahweh had commanded Moses.”

As Yahweh had commanded Moses in chapter 26, the ministers, like Aaron, should wear sacred vestments. The ephod was made of gold, with the colorful yarns and linen. Gold leaf was hammered out and cut into threads in a skilled design.

“The onyx stones were prepared, enclosed in settings of gold filigree and engraved like the engravings of a signet, according to the names of the sons of Israel.   He set them on the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, to be stones of remembrance for the sons of Israel, as Yahweh had commanded Moses.”

Two shoulder pieces were joined together, with two onyx stones, like a signet or cameo, with the names of the twelve tribes, as a remembrance.  This was a very colorful piece of clothing.