εἶπεν δὲ καὶ τούτῳ Καὶ σὺ ἐπάνω γίνου πέντε πόλεων.
Luke indicated that Jesus said the nobleman told the second slave (ἶπεν δὲ καὶ τούτῳ) that he was going to rule over 5 cities (Καὶ σὺ ἐπάνω γίνου πέντε πόλεων). Since this second trader slave had done well, he was put in charge of 5 cities. There was something similar in Matthew, chapter 25:23, perhaps indicating a Q source. Jesus said that this master said to this second diligent trader slave (ἔφη αὐτῷ ὁ κύριος αὐτοῦ) that he done a good job (Εὖ). He was a good trustworthy slave (δοῦλε ἀγαθὲ καὶ πιστέ). As he had been trustworthy or faithful in a few things (ἐπὶ ὀλίγα ἦς πιστός), this master was going to put him in charge or appoint him over many things (ἐπὶ πολλῶν σε καταστήσω), without being specific. This second slave was to enter into the joy of his master or lord (εἴσελθε εἰς τὴν χαρὰν τοῦ κυρίου σου). Notice that the Greek wording in Matthew, was exactly the same, word for word, as it was for the first slave with the 5 talents. They both belonged in the same category as good trustworthy faithful slaves. Meanwhile, Luke was giving both these slave earthly responsibilities, being in charge of 5 and 10 cities. What is the best reward you ever got?
Luke uniquely indicated that Jesus said the citizens of this country hated or detested this nobleman (οἱ δὲ πολῖται αὐτοῦ ἐμίσουν αὐτόν), without any indication of how they formed this opinion. They sent a delegation after him (καὶ ἀπέστειλαν πρεσβείαν ὀπίσω αὐτοῦ) to go to that distant country to tell the authorities there that they did not want this man to rule over them (λέγοντες Οὐ θέλομεν τοῦτον βασιλεῦσαι ἐφ’ ἡμᾶς). Once again, Luke used a word that only appears here among all the Greek biblical writings, πρεσβείαν that means seniority, embassy, a delegation, or eldership. There was nothing like this in Matthew. Some of the people living there did not want to have this nobleman as their ruler, so they may have sent a delegation to the Roman Emperor with this message. Have you ever signed a petition or went to a local government meeting to complain about something?
Then the angel of Yahweh reassured Joshua, the high priest. The angel said that Yahweh of hosts had said that he would be in charge of the courts and have access to the Temple courts, if he walked in the ways of Yahweh. If he kept all his requirements and commandments, he would rule the house of Yahweh, the Temple. Thus, Joshua was reestablished as the actual high priest of the new Temple, but he would have to follow all of Yahweh’s commands.
In some future day, Yahweh, via Micah, was going to assemble the lame and the afflicted. This also included those who had been driven away. He was going to make the lame a remnant of the good people. He was going to make them all a strong nation, where Yahweh would rule over them from Mount Zion, both now and forever.
This short chapter and book ends and a new larger Israel, as their long standing enemy neighbors will no longer exist. Israel shall rule them. The area of the Negeb was the arid southern land that would change from the land of Edom or Mount Esau into Israel. Israel was going to possess the Shephelah, the western area along the Mediterranean coast where the Philistines lived. They were also going to have the land of Samaria and the territory of Ephraim, north of Judah. The territory of Benjamin would include land on the east side of the Jordan River, the Gilead. The exiled Israelites in Halah in the upper Mesopotamia region and those in the Phoenician town of Zarephath, as well as the exiles in Asia Minor in Shephard would all return to live in the arid southern Negeb region. All the saved Israelites would return to Mount Zion, as Mount Esau and all of Edom would go away and be under the Israelites.
Yahweh told Ezekiel that at end of forty years, he would gather the Egyptians from wherever they were scattered. He was going to restore the fortunes of Egypt. He was going to bring them back to Pathros, the southern part of Egypt near Thebes, where they originally came from. However, this would be a low kingdom that would not exalt itself among the various nations. They would be so small that they would never again rule over other countries. Israel would not rely on Egypt again. They would recall their iniquity when they turned to them for aid. They would all know that Yahweh was God.
Baruch recounts what Yahweh via Moses said to the people about their repentance during the exile. The Israelites would praise him in their exile country as they would remember the name of Yahweh. They would turn from their stubbornness and wicked deeds. They would remember how their ancestors had sinned. Yahweh was going to again bring them into the land that he promised to their ancestors, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. There they would rule in this land as they increased, not diminished, with an everlasting covenant. He would be their God. They would be his people. He would never again remove them from the land that he had given them. We will see how that works out.
Once again in the first person plural, they complain. There is no question that their ancestors had sinned, but they are dead. Thus the present living must bear their iniquities. The Chaldean slaves rule over them. There is no one anywhere who can help them to escape.
There are specific details about the number of people being deported. In the first captivity, around the time of King Jehoiachin in 597 BCE, in the 7th year of the rule of King Nebuchadnezzar, about 3,023 Judeans went into captivity.
This is almost word for word from chapter 23 of this work. Yahweh indicates that a future Davidic king would rule in both Judah and Jerusalem, not Israel as in chapter 23. This king would come from David’s righteous branch. He would rule wisely with justice and righteousness. Judah would be saved and Jerusalem, not Israel, would live in safety. The name of Jerusalem would be called “Yahweh of our righteousness.” However, Yahweh said that they would never lack a descendant of David to sit on the throne as the king of Israel.