New name and status (Isa 62:2-62:5)

“You shall be called

By a new name.

The mouth of Yahweh

Will give you this name.

You shall be a crown of beauty

In the hand of Yahweh.

You shall be a royal diadem

In the hand of your God.

You shall no more

Be termed ‘Forsaken’.

Your land shall no more

Be termed ‘Desolate’.

But you shall be called

‘My delight is in her’.

Your land is ‘Married’.

Yahweh delights in you.

Your land shall be married.

As a young man

Marries a young woman,

So shall your builder

Marry you.

As the bridegroom rejoices

Over the bride,

So shall your God rejoice

Over you.”

Yahweh will give Jerusalem a new name. Zion will be a crown of beauty in Yahweh’s hand. Jerusalem will be like a royal crown in the hand of their God. They will no longer be called forsaken and desolate. They will be called delightful and married because Yahweh delights in them. This marriage is like that of a groom and his new wife. God the builder will marry the land. Just as the groom rejoices over his new bride, so too God will rejoice over his land and its people.

King Solomon (Song 3:9-3:11)

“King Solomon made himself a palanquin

From the wood of Lebanon.

He made its posts of silver.

Its back was gold.

Its seat was purple.

Its interior was inlaid with love.

Daughters of Jerusalem!

Come out!

Daughters of Zion!

Look at King Solomon!

See the crown

With which his mother crowned him

On the day of his wedding,

On the day of the gladness of his heart.”

Suddenly the attention is on King Solomon himself. Is he the male lover? This palanquin is a seat carried on poles, like a moving throne. Obviously this was a very ornate chair made of fine Lebanon cedar wood, silver, gold, and purple, put together with love. The invitation was for the daughters of Jerusalem and Zion to come out and look at King Solomon on this chair wearing his royal crown that had been given to him by his mother at his joyous wedding day.

The anointed one (Ps 45:6-45:9)

“Your throne!

O God!

Endures forever and ever.

Your royal scepter is a scepter of equity.

You love righteousness.

You hate wickedness.

Therefore God,

Your God!

Has anointed you

With the oil of gladness.

Thus you are beyond your companions.

Your robes are all fragrant

With myrrh, aloes, and cassia.

From ivory palaces

Stringed instruments make you glad.

Daughters of kings are

Among your ladies of honor.

At your right hand

Stands the queen in gold of Ophir.”

Is this throne the throne of God or the king that endures forever? Once again, the scribe psalmist treats the king like a mini-god. The royal crown helps insure equality. Then we have the famous saying about being anointed with the oil of gladness that had such a resonance with Christian prayers about anointing. This is a royal anointing of the new king. This new king was beyond his companions. His robes were fragrant or smelly. They were filled with myrrh, aloes, and cassia. Myrrh was an aromatic perfume from the Asian bushes. Aloes was a bitter tasting leaf that was used in perfumes. Cassia is an Asian evergreen tree with an aromatic bark that also was used in perfumes. Ivory and stringed instruments were also there. All this adds to the concept of wealth. Of course stringed instruments and beautiful ladies of honor were also added to the scene. Then there was queen in her gold from the mysterious unknown but often mentioned Ophir.