The god and bad trees (Lk 6:43-6:43)

“No good tree

Bears bad fruit.

Nor again,

Does a bad tree

Bear good fruit.”

 

Οὐ γάρ ἐστιν δένδρον καλὸν ποιοῦν καρπὸν σαπρόν, οὐδὲ πάλιν δένδρον σαπρὸν ποιοῦν καρπὸν καλόν.

 

Luke indicated that Jesus said that no good tree bears bad fruit (Οὐ γάρ ἐστιν δένδρον καλὸν ποιοῦν καρπὸν σαπρόν).  Nor does a bad tree bear good fruit (οὐδὲ πάλιν δένδρον σαπρὸν ποιοῦν καρπὸν καλόν).  This is a basic common-sense statement.  There was something similar to this in the preaching of John the Baptist earlier in chapter 3:9 and Matthew, chapter 7:17-18, and chapter 12:33, perhaps from the Q source.  The good tree produces good fruit.  The bad tree produces bad fruit.  The good tree is not able to produce evil fruit, while the evil tree is not able to produce good fruit.  Either a tree is good or rotten.  Simply stated, a good or bad tree will only produce what it is.  There will be no mixing of the good and the bad fruits.  Good fruit only comes from good trees, while rotten fruits only come from rotten trees.  You can tell what kind of a tree it is by its fruits.  Do you produce good or bad fruit?

The tree and its fruit (Mt 12:33-12:33)

“Either make the tree good.

Thus,

Its fruit will be good.

Or make the tree bad.

Thus,

Its fruit will be bad.

The tree is known

By its fruit.”

 

Ἢ ποιήσατε τὸ δένδρον καλὸν καὶ τὸν καρπὸν αὐτοῦ καλόν, ἢ ποιήσατε τὸ δένδρον σαπρὸν καὶ τὸν καρπὸν αὐτοῦ σαπρόν· ἐκ γὰρ τοῦ καρποῦ τὸ δένδρον γινώσκεται.

 

A similar remark can be found in Luke, chapter 6:43, as well as earlier in Matthew, chapter 7:16-20, where there was talk about good fruit from good trees.  Either you make a tree good or worthy (Ἢ ποιήσατε τὸ δένδρον καλὸν) with good or worthy fruit (καὶ τὸν καρπὸν αὐτοῦ καλόν) or a bad or rotten tree (ἢ ποιήσατε τὸ δένδρον σαπρὸν) with bad or rotten fruit (καὶ τὸν καρπὸν αὐτοῦ σαπρόν).  The worthy tree or the rotten tree will be known by its worthy or rotten fruits (ἐκ γὰρ τοῦ καρποῦ τὸ δένδρον γινώσκεται).  This is a basic common-sense statement.  Simply stated, a good or bad tree will only produce what it is.  There will be no mixing of the good and the bad fruits.  Good fruit only comes from good trees, while rotten fruits only come from rotten trees.  You can tell what kind of a tree it is by its fruits.

Yahweh poses questions about the withering vine (Ezek 17:9-17:10)

“Say!

Thus says Yahweh God!

‘Will the vine prosper?

Will he not pull up

Its roots?

Will this cause

Its fruit to rot?

Will it wither?

Will its fresh sprouting leaves

Fade?

No strong arm

Or mighty army

Will be needed

To pull it

From its roots.

When it is transplanted,

Will it thrive?

When the east wind

Strikes it,

Will it not utterly wither?

Will it wither

On the bed

Where it grew?’”

Yahweh then posed a series of questions about this vine that was transplanted by the second eagle. Would this vine prosper in the new place, after it was pulled up by its roots? Would its fruit be rotten? Would it wither away? Sometimes letting a vine wither is easier than having a strong army come in and try to tear it up. Would the east wind be too strong for this vine? Basically Yahweh, via Ezekiel, was casting doubts about transplanting this vine.

A reproach against bribery (Isa 5:23-5:24)

“Woe to you

Who acquit the guilty

For a bribe!

Woe to you

Who deprive the innocent

Of their rights!

Therefore,

As the tongue of fire

Devours the stubble,

So their roots will become rotten.

As dry grass sinks down

In the flame,

So their blossoms will go up

Like dust.

They have rejected

The instruction of Yahweh of hosts.

They have despised

The word of the Holy One of Israel.”

However, the real scolding comes when judges acquit a guilty person because of a bribe. They thus deprive the innocent ones of their rights. They are going to end up like stubble and dry grass devoured by a fire. Their roots will become rotten. Their blossoms will be blown off like dust. They have rejected Yahweh. They have despised the word of the Holy One of Israel. Injustice is a real big deal.