A believing community has a creed, a code, and a ceremony that they share. Roman Catholics respect their teachers, who are presumed to be telling the truth, so that there is docility to Church teaching, admitting the ability to be taught. There are central beliefs which all Catholics must give the fullest level of assent, the defined dogma, such as the Trinity, One God with three persons, and belief in Jesus Christ, two natures both divine and human. Jesus was a real person who died and rose from the dead. The magisterium comes in the form of papal documents and ecumenical worldwide councils.
The early bibles had to be copied by hand in manuscript form, since there was no printing press until the 15th century. The classic Bible of the middle ages was the 4th century Latin Vulgate translation of St. Jerome. The first book ever printed in the 15th century was the Latin Bible. In the 16th century, the various translations began to appear, the most famous being the German New Testament translation of Martin Luther. The English, under King James I (1603-1625) decided to set up a committee to translate the Bible into Elizabethan English. They finished their task in 1611. The King James Bible became the only authorized Bible in the English language and has dominated the American religious scene, because of its use among the American Puritans. The Roman Catholics produced an English Douay-Rheims translation of the Bible in France about the same, in 1609-1610.