Who had been sent
To the house,
They found the slave
In good health.”
καὶ ὑποστρέψαντες εἰς τὸν οἶκον οἱ πεμφθέντες εὗρον τὸν δοῦλον ὑγιαίνοντα.
Luke said that those friends of the centurion, who had been sent to Jesus (οἱ πεμφθέντες), returned to the centurion’s house (καὶ ὑποστρέψαντες εἰς τὸν οἶκον). There, they found the slave in good health (εὗρον τὸν δοῦλον ὑγιαίνοντα). There is a slightly different ending to this healing of the centurion’s servant in Matthew, chapter 8:13, where Jesus talked about the failure of the sons of Abraham. He then told the centurion to go home. The healing was going to take place as he had believed that it would. Simply the word of Jesus, not his presence would cure his servant. Then Matthew indicated that at that very moment, at that very hour, the servant was healed, without the presence of Jesus. In both gospel stories, the servant was healed without Jesus being physically present to do so, due to the great faith of this non-Israelite Roman centurion person. What kind of faith do you have?
All his sayings,
In the hearing
Of the people,
He entered Capernaum.”
Ἐπειδὴ ἐπλήρωσεν πάντα τὰ ῥήματα αὐτοῦ εἰς τὰς ἀκοὰς τοῦ λαοῦ, εἰσῆλθεν εἰς Καφαρναούμ.
Luke said that after Jesus had finished all his sayings (Ἐπειδὴ ἐπλήρωσεν πάντα τὰ ῥήματα αὐτοῦ), which the people had heard (εἰς τὰς ἀκοὰς τοῦ λαοῦ), he entered Capernaum (εἰσῆλθεν εἰς Καφαρναούμ). This story can be found in Matthew, chapter 8:5, and John, chapter 4:46, with of course some variations. Jesus once again returned to Capernaum, his headquarters in Galilee, implying that Jesus had finished with his sermon on the plain or the mountain. Mark, chapter 2:1, indicated that Capernaum was now his new home. Capernaum was a fishing village of about 1,500 people, on the northwest seaside corner of the Sea of Galilee. According to Matthew, chapter 4:13, Capernaum had become Jesus’ own home town. Have you always lived in the same hometown?
Full of the Holy Spirit,
From the Jordan River.
He was led
By the Spirit
In the wilderness.”
Ἰησοῦς δὲ πλήρης Πνεύματος Ἁγίου ὑπέστρεψεν ἀπὸ τοῦ Ἰορδάνου, καὶ ἤγετο ἐν τῷ Πνεύματι ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ
Both Matthew, chapter 4:1, and Mark, chapter 1:12, have the Holy Spirit lead Jesus into the desert, just like here. However, John has nothing about the temptations of Jesus at all. Luke said that Jesus was full of the Holy Spirit (Ἰησοῦς δὲ πλήρης Πνεύματος Ἁγίου). He had returned from the Jordan River (ὑπέστρεψεν ἀπὸ τοῦ Ἰορδάνου). Then he was led by the Spirit (καὶ ἤγετο ἐν τῷ Πνεύματι) into the wilderness or desert (ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ). Having just received the Holy Spirit after his baptism with John at Jordan River, Jesus was full of this Holy Spirit. This same Spirit led or drove Jesus out into the wilderness. All three accounts of the synoptic gospels put the temptations of Jesus in the wilderness. The Israelites had been in the wilderness during their Exodus from Egypt. John the Baptist was also preaching and baptizing in the desert wilderness. The wilderness or the desert was a place of terror, not civilized. The Holy Spirit and God the Father wanted Jesus to experience the difficulties of this desolate arid land. Why was Jesus tempted? God, the Father, Yahweh, often tested the righteous ones and the prophets in the Hebrew Bible. Luke and Matthew are similar with their detailed account of these temptations, while Mark has only a summary statement about them.
Did not find him,
καὶ μὴ εὑρόντες ὑπέστρεψαν εἰς Ἱερουσαλὴμ ἀναζητοῦντες αὐτόν.
Luke said that now Joseph and Mary reversed courses. When they did not find him (καὶ μὴ εὑρόντες) among their friends and relatives, they returned to Jerusalem (ὑπέστρεψαν εἰς Ἱερουσαλὴμ) to search for him there (ἀναζητοῦντες αὐτόν). This was the natural thing to do. It probably took them another day to get back to Jerusalem. However, they were going to try and find him in Jerusalem, assuming that he was still there.
They glorified God.
They praised God
For all they had heard
Just as it had been told
καὶ ὑπέστρεψαν οἱ ποιμένες δοξάζοντες καὶ αἰνοῦντες τὸν Θεὸν ἐπὶ πᾶσιν οἷς ἤκουσαν καὶ εἶδον καθὼς ἐλαλήθη πρὸς αὐτούς.
Luke said that these shepherds returned to their flocks of sheep (καὶ ὑπέστρεψαν οἱ ποιμένες). They glorified (δοξάζοντες) and praised God (καὶ αἰνοῦντες τὸν Θεὸν) for all they had heard (ἐπὶ πᾶσιν οἷς ἤκουσαν) and seen (καὶ εἶδον), just as it had been told to them (καθὼς ἐλαλήθη πρὸς αὐτούς). These shepherds appear to be stand-ins for the people of Israel. They had all this information about the baby child Messiah, Christ, Savior, and Lord. They had actually seen him as they had glorified and praised God. Nevertheless, they seemed to go about their business, as if nothing had happened.
About three months.
Then she returned
To her home.”
Ἔμεινεν δὲ Μαριὰμ σὺν αὐτῇ ὡς μῆνας τρεῖς, καὶ ὑπέστρεψεν εἰς τὸν οἶκον αὐτῆς.
Luke said that Mary remained with Elizabeth (Ἔμεινεν δὲ Μαριὰμ σὺν αὐτῇ) about three months (ὡς μῆνας τρεῖς), almost up to the time of John’s birth. Then she returned to her home (καὶ ὑπέστρεψεν εἰς τὸν οἶκον αὐτῆς), being about three months pregnant. Once again, there is no indication if she had anybody with her on this eighty-mile trip home. Strange, that she did not stay for the birth of John, which was a big deal. However, Luke had her leave the scene for the birth of John,