This appears to be a unique verse in this longer saying that Luke shared with Matthew about worrying. Jesus said that if you are not able to do as small a thing as that (εἰ οὖν οὐδὲ ἐλάχιστον δύνασθε), why do you worry about the rest of the things (τί περὶ τῶν λοιπῶν μεριμνᾶτε)? Jesus seemed to indicate that if you cannot add to your lifespan by worrying, why worry about anything else. What, me worry? What do you worry about?
Luke indicated that Jesus said that if there was a son of peace (καὶ ἐὰν ἐκεῖ ᾖ υἱὸς εἰρήνης) or anyone there who shared in peace, their peace would rest or remain on that person (ἐπαναπαήσεται ἐπ’ αὐτὸν ἡ εἰρήνη ὑμῶν). But if not (εἰ δὲ μήγε), that peace would return to them (ἐφ’ ὑμᾶς ἀνακάμψει). Matthew, chapter 10:13, had something similar when Jesus was talking to his 12 apostles before their missionary expedition. If there were worthy people or the house was worthy, they should let their peace come upon them. However, if they are not worthy or deserving, their peace should return or turn back to them, the same as Luke here. I am not sure how you would get your peace greeting revoked in some way. Have you ever been mad because someone did not return you peace greeting?
Luke said that on the return of the apostles (Καὶ ὑποστρέψαντες οἱ ἀπόστολοι), they told Jesus all that they had done (διηγήσαντο αὐτῷ ὅσα ἐποίησαν). He then took them with him (Καὶ παραλαβὼν αὐτοὺς) as he withdrew privately to a city (ὑπεχώρησεν κατ’ ἰδίαν εἰς πόλιν) called Bethsaida (καλουμένην Βηθσαϊδά). This opening to the multiplication of the loaves story can be found in all four gospels, Matthew, chapter 14:13, Mark, chapter 6:30-33, John, chapter 6:1-2, and here. Luke was the only one to mention the town of Bethsaida, while the others talked about Jesus in a boat. This gathering of the apostles around Jesus after their mission can only be found in Mark and in Luke.Mark said that they told Jesus everything that they had done and taught. Thus, Jesus had a debriefing session with his apostles where he found out what had happened to them on their missionary adventures. Then Mark said that Jesus wanted to get away to a deserted place in a boat, but somehow the crowds followed him along the bank of the sea, so that Jesus and his apostles could not get away by themselves. Mark wanted his disciples and apostles to rest for a while, to take it easy. Many people were coming and going, so that they did not have any leisure time to eat. Thus, they went away in the boat to a deserted place by themselves. Jesus was concerned about the apostles’ mental state. He wanted them to have some down time. Matthew had pretty much the same story about Jesus and the boat with a slightly different twist. Jesus left in a boat to be in a deserted or secluded place alone. However, the crowds heard about it, so that they followed him on foot from the various towns. Jesus could not get away by himself. Do you ever want to get away by yourself?
This is almost word for word in Matthew, chapter 26:45. In Luke, chapter 22, and John, chapter 22, there is nothing more about these sleeping disciples of Jesus. Mark recounted that Jesus came to his 3 disciples for a 3rd time (καὶ ἔρχεται τὸ τρίτον). He spoke to them (καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς). He wanted to know why they were still sleeping and taking their rest (Καθεύδετε τὸ λοιπὸν καὶ ἀναπαύεσθε)? Jesus told them that this was enough (ἀπέχει). He woke them up to tell them that the hour had come (ἦλθεν ἡ ὥρα) when the Son of Man was going to be betrayed or handed over (ἰδοὺ παραδίδοται ὁ Υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου) into the hands of sinners (εἰς τὰς χεῖρας τῶν ἁμαρτωλῶν). The time for sleeping was over.
This opening to the multiplication of the loaves story can be found in Matthew, chapter 14:13, and Luke, chapter 9:10. Jesus wanted to get away to a deserted place in a boat. Mark related that Jesus said to them (καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς) to come away to a deserted place all by themselves (Δεῦτε ὑμεῖς αὐτοὶ κατ’ ἰδίαν εἰς ἔρημον τόπον). He wanted his disciples and apostles to rest for a while (καὶ ἀναπαύσασθε ὀλίγον), to take it easy. Many people were coming and going (ἦσαν γὰρ οἱ ἐρχόμενοι καὶ οἱ ὑπάγοντες πολλοί), so that they no leisure time to eat (καὶ οὐδὲ φαγεῖν εὐκαίρουν). Thus, they went away (καὶ ἀπῆλθον) in the boat (ἐν τῷ πλοίῳ) to a deserted place by themselves (εἰς ἔρημον τόπον κατ’ ἰδίαν). Jesus was concerned about the apostles’ mental state. He wanted them to have some down time.
This is almost word for word in Mark, chapter 14:41-42. In Luke, chapter 22, and John, chapter 22, there is nothing more about these sleeping disciples of Jesus. Matthew and Mark both recount that Jesus came to his disciples (τότε ἔρχεται πρὸς τοὺς μαθητὰς) for a 3rd time. He spoke to them (καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς). He told them that there would be plenty of time for sleeping and taking rest later (Καθεύδετε λοιπὸν καὶ ἀναπαύεσθε). He woke them up to tell them that the hour had come (ἰδοὺ ἤγγικεν ἡ ὥρα) when the Son of Man was going to be betrayed or handed over (καὶ ὁ Υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου παραδίδοται) into the hands of sinners (εἰς χεῖρας ἁμαρτωλῶν). They had to get up and get going (ἐγείρεσθε, ἄγωμεν). The betrayer was approaching them right away (ἰδοὺ ἤγγικεν ὁ παραδιδούς με). The time for resting was over. All hands-on deck! The betrayer was coming to get him right away.
Matthew concluded this chapter with a unique saying of Jesus. Jesus wanted his followers to pick up the yoke of his message. A yoke was put on the shoulders of farm animals to help with plowing and planting. The term was also used to represent the yoke of the Torah on the shoulders of many Israelites. Jesus invited all those who were growing weary to come to him (Δεῦτε πρός με πάντες οἱ κοπιῶντες). He wanted all those with a heavy burden (καὶ πεφορτισμένοι), so that he might give them rest (κἀγὼ ἀναπαύσω ὑμᾶς). They were to take his yoke (ἄρατε τὸν ζυγόν μου ἐφ’ ὑμᾶς) and learn from him (καὶ μάθετε ἀπ’ ἐμοῦ). He was gentle and lowly in heart (ὅτι πραΰς εἰμι καὶ ταπεινὸς τῇ καρδίᾳ). They would find rest for their souls (καὶ εὑρήσετε ἀνάπαυσιν ταῖς ψυχαῖς ὑμῶν) because his yoke was easy (ὁ γὰρ ζυγός μου χρηστὸς) and his burden light (καὶ τὸ φορτίον μου ἐλαφρόν ἐστιν). The yoke of Jesus was light in comparison to the yoke of the Torah.
The horses were impatient to get going to patrol the earth. The angel told them to patrol the earth. Thus, they went on their way, patrolling the whole world in every direction. Then this angel told Zechariah that the black horses with their chariot going north had the Spirit of Yahweh, the Holy Spirit, so that they were going to bring rest to the north country.
Once again in the first person plural, they complain about yoke on their necks as in Jeremiah, chapter 28. They are tired because they are forced into hard labor without much rest. They had to make a pact with Egypt and Assyria to get enough bread to eat. Actually, Assyria had already disappeared.