That Jesus’ name
Had become known.
Some were saying.
‘John the baptizer
Has been raised
From the dead.
For this reason,
These powers are
Καὶ ἤκουσεν ὁ βασιλεὺς Ἡρῴδης, φανερὸν γὰρ ἐγένετο τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ, καὶ ἔλεγον ὅτι Ἰωάνης ὁ Βαπτίζων ἐγήγερται ἐκ νεκρῶν, καὶ διὰ τοῦτο ἐνεργοῦσιν αἱ δυνάμεις ἐν αὐτῷ.
This mention of Herod can be found in all 3 synoptic gospels, Matthew, chapter 14:1, Luke, chapter 9:7, and here. The Roman educated Herod, was the ruler or tetrarch of Galilee and Perea from 4 BCE-39 CE, as a client ruler, part of the Roman Empire. This Herod Antipas was the son of Herod the Great. He had built and named the capital city of Galilee, Tiberias, since the Roman Emperor Tiberius (14-37 CE) was his favorite emperor. Mark called him a king. King Herod had heard reports (Καὶ ἤκουσεν ὁ βασιλεὺς Ἡρῴδης) about Jesus, because his name had become well known or famous (φανερὸν γὰρ ἐγένετο τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ). Jesus was a celebrity in Galilee. Here we have the intersection of the Galilean official of the Roman Empire, Herod, and the famous Galilean preacher and faith healer, Jesus. Herod, the Roman ruler in Galilee, or those around him said (καὶ ἔλεγον) that Jesus might be the resurrected John the Baptist, since some people believed that righteous people rose from the dead. Jesus was John the Baptist raised from the dead (ὅτι Ἰωάνης ὁ Βαπτίζων ἐγήγερται ἐκ νεκρῶν). How ironic, since Jesus was to rise from the dead. Herod thought the miraculous powers of John the Baptist were at work in Jesus (καὶ διὰ τοῦτο ἐνεργοῦσιν αἱ δυνάμεις ἐν αὐτῷ). He and his people thought that John might have reincarnated himself in Jesus,
“At that time,
Herod the tetrarch
Ἐν ἐκείνῳ τῷ καιρῷ ἤκουσεν Ἡρῴδης ὁ τετραάρχης τὴν ἀκοὴν Ἰησοῦ,
This mention of Herod can be found in all 3 synoptic gospels, Mark, chapter 6:14, and Luke, chapter 9:7, and here. The Roman educated Herod, was the ruler or tetrarch of Galilee and Perea from 4 BCE-39 CE, as a client part of the Roman Empire. This Herod Antipas was the son of Herod the Great. He built the capital city of Galilee Tiberias, as he was a favorite of the Roman Emperor Tiberius (14-37 CE.). Mathew has his traditional transition phrase, “At that time (Ἐν ἐκείνῳ τῷ καιρῷ).” Herod the tetrarch heard reports, news or rumors about Jesus (ἤκουσεν Ἡρῴδης ὁ τετραάρχης τὴν ἀκοὴν Ἰησοῦ). Thus, we have the intersection of the Galilean official of the Roman Empire, Herod, and Jesus.
“When King Antiochus heard these reports, he was greatly angered. He sent for and gathered all the forces of his kingdom, a very strong army. He opened his coffers and gave a year’s pay to his forces. He ordered them to be ready for any need. Then he saw that the money in the treasury was exhausted. The revenues from the country were small because of the dissension and disaster that he had caused in the land by abolishing the laws that had existed from the earliest days. He feared that he might not have such funds as he had before for his expenses and for the gifts which he used to give more lavishly than preceding kings. He was greatly perplexed in mind. He determined to go to Persia. There he could collect the revenues from those regions and thus raise a large fund.”
The Seleucid Syrian King Antiochus IV got angry when he heard these reports about Judas Maccabeus. He wanted a strong army. Thus he paid all the people in the army for a full year so that they would be ready at any moment. However, he soon realized that he did not have as much money as he expected. The revenues were diminishing after he set in motion the new laws of unification that did away with all the local laws. There was a lot of dissension that led to this disaster. He decided that he would go to Persia and get some money from that region there.