This parable story about the dishonest household manager or steward can only be found in Luke, not in any of the other gospel stories. Luke indicated that Jesus continued with this story. He said that the rich man summoned or called his house manager (καὶ φωνήσας αὐτὸν). He asked him (εἶπεν αὐτῷ) about what he had heard about him (ἀκούω περὶ σοῦ). He wanted him to give an accounting of his management (ἀπόδος τὸν λόγον τῆς οἰκονομίας σου), because he was not going to be his house manager any longer (ὐ γὰρ δύνῃ ἔτι οἰκονομεῖν). Once again, Luke used this unique Greek word οἰκονομεῖν, meaning household manager throughout this parable. This rich man did not do any investigation. He just simply heard a report and acted on it. There is no indication who rendered this report to him. Nevertheless, the house manager was fired. Have you ever been fired or let go?
Luke said that Jesus answered the disciples of John (καὶ ἀποκριθεὶς εἶπεν αὐτοῖς). He told them to go tell John (Πορευθέντες ἀπαγγείλατε Ἰωάνει) what they had seen and heard (ἃ εἴδετε καὶ ἠκούσατε). The blind ones receive their sight (τυφλοὶ ἀναβλέπουσιν). The lame walk (χωλοὶ περιπατοῦσιν). The lepers are cleansed (λεπροὶ καθαρίζονται). The deaf hear (καὶ κωφοὶ ἀκούουσιν). The dead are raised up (νεκροὶ ἐγείρονται). The poor have good news brought to them (πτωχοὶ εὐαγγελίζονται). This is almost word for word like Matthew, chapter 11:4-5, indicating a possible Q source. Jesus responded or answered these disciples and their main question. He told them to report back to John after their journey what they had heard and seen. Then Jesus listed what he had been doing. The blind people have recovered their sight. The lame people were walking around. The lepers were cleansed. The deaf were able to hear. The dead were raised up. The poor and destitute people were getting good news brought to them. This is a very strong response, as if to say that he was the Messiah, the Christ, the anointed one, something that Jesus did not do often. This messianic expectation was based on Isaiah, chapter 35:4-6, when the savior, their God would come with a vengeance to make up for past problems. He would come to save them. Isaiah seems to indicate that there would be a reversal of fortune, a change in the ways that things happen. The blind would see. The deaf would hear. The lame would run. The mute people would speak. Have you had a change in your life?
Thus, it was not unexpected that Luke said that the word or this report about Jesus spread (καὶ ἐξῆλθεν ὁ λόγος οὗτος) throughout Judea (ἐν ὅλῃ τῇ Ἰουδαίᾳ) and all the surrounding country (καὶ πάσῃ τῇ περιχώρῳ), a common comment after most miracles that Jesus performed. Jesus was in Nain, Galilee when he performed the miracle of raising this anonymous widow’s only son from the dead, yet even Judea knew about it. This whole incident was unique to Luke and not found among the other gospel writers. How do you spread the word about Jesus?
This is more or less a unique saying of Luke, who said that now, more than ever, the word or report about Jesus spread abroad (διήρχετο δὲ μᾶλλον ὁ λόγος περὶ αὐτοῦ,). Many large crowds would gather to hear him (καὶ συνήρχοντο ὄχλοι πολλοὶ ἀκούειν). Then he cured many people of their diseases (αὶ θεραπεύεσθαι ἀπὸ τῶν ἀσθενειῶν αὐτῶν). There is nothing like this in Matthew. Mark, chapter 1:45, on the other hand, said that after this cleansed leper went away, he began to proclaim what had happened to him. Then the news about his cleansing spread around, so that Jesus was no longer able to openly enter into a city or town. He had to stay out in the solitary deserted countryside. Nevertheless, the people came to him from all around the area or from various quarters. The cleansed leper did not keep quiet, so that this led to more consternation for Jesus. Luke was not that explicit, but hinted at it.
καὶ ἐξεπορεύετο ἦχος περὶ αὐτοῦ εἰς πάντα τόπον τῆς περιχώρου.
This is very similar, to Mark, chapter 1:28. Luke said that a report about Jesus was spreading (καὶ ἐξεπορεύετο ἦχος περὶ αὐτοῦ) into everywhere throughout all the surrounding region or neighboring area (εἰς πάντα τόπον τῆς περιχώρου). Luke did not mention Galilee the way that Mark did. Suddenly, Jesus was famous, a celebrity in the area around Capernaum.
There is no doubt that Jesus taught in Galilee, since this was his home base. Much like Matthew, chapter 4:12, and Mark, chapter 1:14, after his temptations, Luke had Jesus return to Galilee. However, Luke had no mention of the arrest of John, since he had already mentioned that earlier in chapter 3:19-20. John had Jesus also go back to Galilee in chapter 4:3. Luke said that Jesus was filled with the power of the Spirit (ἐν τῇ δυνάμει τοῦ Πνεύματος), a favorite and unique statement by Luke. He said that Jesus returned to Galilee (Καὶ ὑπέστρεψεν ὁ Ἰησοῦς…εἰς τὴν Γαλιλαίαν). Matthew had Jesus going to Galilee, just like his father Joseph had done years earlier. He used a citation from Isaiah to explain why Jesus was in Galilee. Galilee was about 80 miles north of Jerusalem and the Dead Sea area, originally part of the Israelite tribal territories of Issachar, Zebulun, Naphtali, and Asher, the northern tribes. Mark said that Jesus went into Galilee preaching the gospel or good news about God, while the message of Matthew was about the good news of the kingdom of heaven. Luke said that a report (καὶ φήμη) about Jesus (περὶ αὐτοῦ) spread throughout or over (ἐξῆλθεν) all the surrounding countryside (καθ’ ὅλης τῆς περιχώρου), but there was no indication in Luke what the message of Jesus was. Clearly, Jesus was active in Galilee.
This curing of the girl is similar to what can be found in Mark, chapter 5:41-42, and Luke, chapter 8:54-55. However, here the story is very succinct and the news spread quickly. Jesus had the crowds put outside (ὅτε δὲ ἐξεβλήθη ὁ ὄχλος). Then he went into (εἰσελθὼν) where the dead girl was. He took her by the hand (ἐκράτησεν τῆς χειρὸς αὐτῆς). Then this girl got up (καὶ ἠγέρθη τὸ κοράσιον). This is somewhat like the prophet Elijah who brought a child back to life in 1 Kings, chapter 17:17-24. The news of this event spread all over this land or district (καὶ ἐξῆλθεν ἡ φήμη αὕτη εἰς ὅλην τὴν γῆν ἐκείνην). There was no attempt here to keep it quiet.
The Israelites had a long history with Edom because they believed that Esau, the twin brother of Jacob, had founded this country. The Book of Genesis listed the kings of Edom in chapter 36. The country of Edom was south of the Dead Sea, south of Moab and south of Judah. It eventually stopped being a country with most of the people drifting into southern Judah. Many of the prophets had spoken against the Edomites, including Jeremiah, chapter 49, Isaiah, chapter 34, Ezekiel, chapter 25, Amos, chapter 1, and Joel, chapter 3. This was a report from Yahweh, since he had sent his messengers to the various countries. They were to rise up and get ready for the battle.
These royal officials then went to the royal court to tell the king what had happened. They left the scroll in the chamber of Elishama, the secretary, where Baruch had brought the scroll to read it to them. Thus they did not bring the actual scroll to the king, but only a report about the scroll.
These royal officials sent a man named Jehudi to get Baruch. Jehudi has three generations of ancestors listed, instead of the usual one or two. Jehudi may mean Jew. Perhaps his great grandfather was an Ethiopian or Cushite, so that his family may have converted to Judaism, giving him this name. Anyway, this man was sent to get Baruch to come before the royal officials with his scroll so that they could hear the exact words of this scroll for themselves. When Baruch came with his scroll, they asked him to sit down like a distinguished teacher. He then read the words of the scroll that he had written under the dictation of Jeremiah. These officials seemed alarmed. They told Baruch that they were going to report the words from the scroll to the king directly. There was nothing secret about this, since Baruch had publically proclaimed these words a little earlier.