Then Luke indicated that Jesus turned on these lawyers, also. Jesus cursed them also (ὁ δὲ εἶπεν Καὶ ὑμῖν τοῖς νομικοῖς οὐαί). They had loaded people with hard burdens to bear (ὅτι φορτίζετε τοὺς ἀνθρώπους φορτία δυσβάστακτα). At the same time, they did not lift a finger to ease their burdens (καὶ αὐτοὶ ἑνὶ τῶν δακτύλων ὑμῶν οὐ προσψαύετε τοῖς φορτίοις). There is something similar in Matthew, chapter 23:4, where Jesus said that the Pharisees and the Scribes, not the lawyers, tied up heavy burdens on the people that were hard or oppressive to bear. They put these burdens on the shoulders of other men, but they themselves were unwilling to lift a finger to help them remove these burdens. These heavy burdens of the Torah may have been their multiple perplexing oral interpretations of the law rather than the law itself that was usually considered a blessing. Here in Luke, Jesus was talking about lawyers, who may have been Pharisaic lawyers of the Law of Moses, who also would not help others in any way. Do you know any religious lawyers?
This is unique to Matthew. However, there is something similar in Luke, chapter 11:46, but there Jesus was talking about a lawyer, who may have been a Pharisaic lawyer of the Law of Moses, who would not help others. Jesus said that these Pharisees and the Scribes tied up heavy burdens (δεσμεύουσιν δὲ φορτία βαρέα) on the people that were hard or oppressive to bear. They put these burdens on the shoulders of other men (καὶ ἐπιτιθέασιν ἐπὶ τοὺς ὤμους τῶν ἀνθρώπων), but they themselves were unwilling to lift a finger to help them remove these burdens (αὐτοὶ δὲ τῷ δακτύλῳ αὐτῶν οὐ θέλουσιν κινῆσαι αὐτά). These heavy burdens of the Torah may have been their multiple perplexing oral interpretations of the law rather than the law itself that was usually considered a blessing.
Yahweh spoke directly to Zechariah. On that day to come, he was going to cut off the names of the various idols in the land. Thus, no one would remember them anymore. He also was going to remove the prophets and unclean spirits. This will be the end of institutional prophets.
Joshua the high priest was wearing filthy clothes before the angel of Yahweh. The dirty clothes represented the sins of the people and the high priest, as a form of mourning. Then the angel told him that he should remove his dirty clothing, because the angel had removed the guilt of his sins. Now he was to put on festive clothing. Then Zechariah chimed in with the comment that the high priest should have a clean turban for his head. Of course, they then got a clean turban hat for Joshua.
Yahweh, via Zephaniah, would remove all the disasters from the Israelites. They would not have to bear any reproach. Yahweh was going to deal with all their oppressors. He was going to save the lame and gather the outcasts, so that their shame would be turned to praise. The Israelites would be known throughout the whole world.
Yahweh, via Zephaniah, said that the Israelites would not be put to shame. The reason was fairly simple. Yahweh was going to remove all those rebellious ones that proudly exulted themselves. Thus, there would be no more haughty ones in their midst. Instead, all the people left would be humble and lowly people, who took refuge in Yahweh. These were the remnant of Israel, who would not do anything wrong or utter any lies with a deceitful tongue. They would be able to lie down in their pastures, since no one was going to make them afraid.
Yahweh was going to help the returning Israelites, by giving them a new heart and a new spirit. He was going to remove their old hearts of stone and replace it with a heart of flesh. Yahweh was going to infuse them with his Holy Spirit. Thus, they would follow his statutes and observe carefully all his ordinances.
These princes of the sea were the trading partners of Tyre. Ezekiel said that these princes would be willing to step down from their thrones, remove their robes, and strip off their embroidered garments. Instead, they would tremble and sit on the ground. They would be stunned and appalled at everything that had happened to Tyre.
Yahweh then turned to the wicked vile prince of Jerusalem. The day had come for the time of his final punishment. The king of Judah was going to remove his turban and take off his crown. Things were about to change. The lowly would be exalted, while the high people would be put to shame. Everything would be ruined. It would be like it never was or will be again until the right one comes along.
The returning Israelites should remove all the detestable abominations from Jerusalem. Yahweh was going to give them one heart with a new spirit. He was going to remove their heart of stone. Instead, he was going to replace or transplant it with a heart of flesh. Thus they would follow the statutes. They would keep Yahweh’s ordinances. They would obey Yahweh. They would adhere to his commandments. They were going to be his people. He was going to be their God. However, those who still went after these detestable things and abominations would find that their very wicked deeds would fall upon their own heads. Thus ends the oracle of Yahweh, their God.