Remember the covenant (Lk 1:72-1:72)


God has shown

The mercy

That he promised

To our ancestors.

He has remembered

His holy covenant.”


ποιῆσαι ἔλεος μετὰ τῶν πατέρων ἡμῶν καὶ μνησθῆναι διαθήκης ἁγίας αὐτοῦ,


Luke continued Zechariah’s canticle with an instance on the holy covenant with their ancestors.  Zechariah said that God has shown or fulfilled his mercy or compassion (ποιῆσαι ἔλεος) that he had promised to their ancestors or fathers (μετὰ τῶν πατέρων ἡμῶν).  God has remembered his ancient holy covenant with his people (καὶ μνησθῆναι διαθήκης ἁγίας αὐτοῦ).

Remember the covenant (Ezek 16:61-16:63)

“‘Then you will remember

Your ways.

You will be ashamed

When I take

Your sisters,

Both your elder

As well as your younger.

I will give them

To you

As daughters,

But not on account

Of my covenant

With you.

I will establish

My covenant

With you.

You shall know

That I am Yahweh.

Thus you may remember.

Thus you may be confounded.

Never open

Your mouth again

Because of your shame!

I will forgive you

All that you have done.’

Says Yahweh God.”

Yahweh told Jerusalem that she would remember her wicked ways. She should be ashamed. Yahweh was going to give her younger and older sister, Samaria and Sodom, as daughters to her, but not because of a covenant. Yahweh was going to establish his covenant with Jerusalem. She would know that he was Yahweh. She would remember that and be confounded. Jerusalem was never again to open her mouth because of her shame. Yahweh was going to forgive her for all that she had done.

Remember the Exodus and the covenant (Deut 29:1-29:13)

“These are the words of the covenant that Yahweh commanded Moses to make with the Israelites in the land of Moab, in addition to the covenant that he had made with them at Horeb.”

In other words, the Ten Commandments of Horeb or Mt. Sinai is being supplemented by this Deuteronomic Code that Moses is issuing here in the land of Moab.

“Moses summoned all Israel and said to them. ‘You have seen all that Yahweh did before your eyes in the land of Egypt, to Pharaoh, to all his servants and to all his land, the great trials that your eyes saw, the signs, and those great wonders. But to this day Yahweh has not given you a mind to understand, or eyes to see, or ears to hear.”

You and your ancestors saw what happened in Egypt, but do you really understand what this is all about?  You need a mind to understand, eyes to see, and ears to hear.

“I have led you forty years in the wilderness. The clothes on your back have not worn out. The sandals on your feet have not worn out. You have not eaten bread. You have not drunk wine or strong drink, so that you may know that I am Yahweh your God. When you came to this place, King Sihon of Heshbon and King Og of Bashan came out against us for battle, but we defeated them. We took their land, and gave it as an inheritance to the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of the Manassites.”

All of this was explained earlier in this book in chapters 2-3. They never wore out their clothes or shoes in 40 years. They never ate bread or drank wine or strong drink. However, they defeated King Sihon and Og and gave their land to the 2 ½ tribes.

“Therefore diligently observe the words of this covenant, in order that you might succeed in everything that you do. You stand assembled today, all of you, before Yahweh your God, the leaders of your tribes, your elders, and your officers, all the men of Israel, your little children, your women, and the aliens who are in your camp, both those who cut your wood and those who draw your water, to enter into the covenant of Yahweh your God, sworn by an oath, which Yahweh your God is making with you today. In order that he may establish you today as his people, that he may be your God, as he promised you, and as he swore to your ancestors, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.”

Everyone understood that this was the day of the alliance and covenant. All realized the day of the promise can come true. The promise to the ancestors was to be fulfilled. The aliens must have been the servants in the camp who were not Israelites but performed menial actions.