I did not presume
To come to you.
But only say the word!
Let my servant
διὸ οὐδὲ ἐμαυτὸν ἠξίωσα πρὸς σὲ ἐλθεῖν· ἀλλὰ εἰπὲ λόγῳ, καὶ ἰαθήτω ὁ παῖς μου.
Luke said that the friends of the centurion continued by saying he would not presume to come to Jesus (διὸ οὐδὲ ἐμαυτὸν ἠξίωσα πρὸς σὲ ἐλθεῖν). Instead, he wanted Jesus to only say the word (ἀλλὰ εἰπὲ λόγῳ), and thus his servant would be healed (καὶ ἰαθήτω ὁ παῖς μου). This saying of the centurion’s friends is exactly the same as the centurion himself in Matthew, chapter 8:8, perhaps indicating a Q source. The Roman centurion’s friends responded to Jesus that the centurion merely wanted Jesus to say the word, and then his servant would be healed. Perhaps, he was aware that Jewish people were not expected to go into the homes of gentiles like himself. Once again, this saying of the centurion and his friends has made its way into the Roman Catholic pre-communion prayer Eucharistic liturgy. Would you rely on the word of Jesus?
Were handed down
Who from the beginning
Of the word.”
καθὼς παρέδοσαν ἡμῖν οἱ ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς αὐτόπται καὶ ὑπηρέται γενόμενοι τοῦ λόγου,
Luke clearly says where his sources are coming from, unlike the other gospel writers. He said that these things or events were handed down to him (καθὼς παρέδοσαν ἡμῖν) by people who were with Jesus from the beginning (οἱ ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς). These were the eyewitnesses (αὐτόπται) and those being the servants or ministers (καὶ ὑπηρέται γενόμενοι) of the word (τοῦ λόγου), the early disciples and apostles of Jesus. Luke was a second-generation Christian, since many of these events would have taken place before he was born. Therefore, he was going to rely on those who were with Jesus from the beginning. These early ministers or Jesus followers would be an important source for Luke.
To set down
An orderly account
Of the events
That have been fulfilled
Ἐπειδήπερ πολλοὶ ἐπεχείρησαν ἀνατάξασθαι διήγησιν περὶ τῶν πεπληροφορημένων ἐν ἡμῖν πραγμάτων,
Luke clearly set out his goals in writing this gospel, much like the other historical Hellenistic works of his time. Although the prologue was one long Greek sentence, it has been divided up into verses. Matthew, chapter 1:1, called his work a book (Βίβλος), but the 1st chapter was about the genealogy of Jesus, or more precisely Joseph. Mark was the only one to call his work a gospel (τοῦ εὐαγγελίου), or more precisely, the beginning of a gospel (Ἀρχὴ τοῦ εὐαγγελίου). Luke admitted that many people had already tried to write a successful orderly account or a narrative (Ἐπειδήπερ πολλοὶ ἐπεχείρησαν ἀνατάξασθαι διήγησιν) about the events and things that had happened or been accomplished or fulfilled among them (περὶ τῶν πεπληροφορημένων ἐν ἡμῖν πραγμάτων), the early Christians. Luke clearly stated that he was not the first one to write about Jesus and the early Christians. He was going to rely on others for his orderly account or narrative about the accomplishments of Jesus.
“Thus says Yahweh God!
‘At the end of forty years,
I will gather
From the people
They were scattered.
I will restore
The fortunes of Egypt.
I will bring them back
To the land of Pathros,
The land of their origin.
There they shall be
A lowly kingdom.
It shall be the lowliest
Of the kingdoms.
It shall never again
Above the nations.
I will make them
That they will never again
Rule over the nations.
The Egyptians shall never again
Be the reliance
Of the house of Israel.
They will recall
When they turned
Then they will know
That I am Yahweh God!’”
Yahweh told Ezekiel that at end of forty years, he would gather the Egyptians from wherever they were scattered. He was going to restore the fortunes of Egypt. He was going to bring them back to Pathros, the southern part of Egypt near Thebes, where they originally came from. However, this would be a low kingdom that would not exalt itself among the various nations. They would be so small that they would never again rule over other countries. Israel would not rely on Egypt again. They would recall their iniquity when they turned to them for aid. They would all know that Yahweh was God.
“Who among you fears Yahweh?
Who obeys the voice of his servant?
Who walks in darkness?
Who has no light?
Who trusts in the name of Yahweh?
Who relies upon his God?
But all of you are kindlers of fire!
You are lighters of firebrands!
Walk in the flame of your fire!
Walk among the branches
That you have kindled!
This is what you shall have
From my hand.
You shall lie down in torment!”
Second Isaiah reminds the faithful that if they fear and trust Yahweh they will be okay. If they obey the voice of his servant and rely on God, they will be fine. However, if they walk in darkness, there will be no light. He wanted them to start fires and walk in the flames of their own fires. They will be tormented, but Yahweh will lead them to safety.
“Stand fast in your enchantments!
Stand fast in your many sorceries!
You have labored from your youth
With these actions.
Perhaps you may be able to succeed.
Perhaps you may inspire terror.
You are wearied
With your many consultations.
Let those who study the heavens
Let them save you!
Let those who gaze at the stars
Predict what shall befall you!
Let those who gaze at each new moon
Predict what shall befall you!”
Yahweh taunted Babylon by saying that they should rely on their sorcerers, their enchanters, their astrologists, and magicians. They had followed them since they were young. Maybe they will succeed. Maybe they will scare people. However, they are weary from all their consultations. Let those who study the heavens stand up and save you. Can those who gaze at the stars and the new moon predict what is going to happen to you? This is a direct challenge to the people of Babylon.
“But they were silent.
They answered him not a word.
The king’s command was.
‘Do not answer him.’
Then Eliakim son of Hilkiah,
Who was in charge of the palace,
Shebnah the secretary,
With Joah son of Asaph,
Came to King Hezekiah
With their clothes torn.
They told him the words of Rabshakeh.”
Once again in the same words as 2 Kings, chapter 18, there was no response to Rabshakeh, after his Hebrew presentation on why they should surrender rather than rely on their own God, Yahweh. King Hezekiah had told his messengers not to respond. These 3 officials from Judah, Eliakim, Shebnah, and Joah went with torn clothes to King Hezekiah. They told him what Rabshakeh had said.
“Then Rabshakeh stood.
He called out in a loud voice
In the language of Judah.
‘Hear the words of the great king!
The king of Assyria!’
Thus says the king.
‘Do not let King Hezekiah deceive you!
He will not be able to deliver you.’
Do not let King Hezekiah
Make you rely on Yahweh by saying.
‘Yahweh will surely deliver us.
This city will not be given
Into the hand of the king of Assyria.’
Do not listen to King Hezekiah!”
Once again in the same words as 2 Kings, chapter 18, Rabshakeh spoke in the Hebrew language of Judah to the people on the wall. He wanted all the people to listen to the king of Assyria, and not to their own King Hezekiah. He thought that the king of Judah was deceiving them by saying that he was going to rely on Yahweh. Most of all, he wanted to intimate the people, so that they would not listen to their king.