“The one who believes
And is baptized
Will be saved.
But the one
Who does not believe
Will be condemned!”
ὁ πιστεύσας καὶ βαπτισθεὶς σωθήσεται, ὁ δὲ ἀπιστήσας κατακριθήσεται.
This longer addition of Mark, is like the addition in Matthew, chapter 28:19-20. Once again, there was an emphasis on baptism that was not mentioned prior to the death and resurrection of Jesus. This Mark addition said that the one who believed (ὁ πιστεύσας) and was baptized (καὶ βαπτισθεὶς) would be saved (σωθήσεται). However, anyone who did not believe (ὁ δὲ ἀπιστήσας) would be condemned (κατακριθήσεται). Thus, this recommendation also brought a condemnation. Belief and baptism were important.
“Do you have cattle?
Look after them.
If they are profitable to you,
Do you have children?
Make them obedient from their youth.
Do you have daughters?
Be concerned for their chastity.
Do not show yourself too indulgent with them.
Give a daughter in marriage.
You will have completed a great task.
But give her to a sensible man.”
Sirach continued with his recommendations on how to handle children. However, he also mentioned cattle. If you had cattle take care of them if they profitable. If not, get rid of them. If you have children, there is a clear directive, discipline them. There is no alternative. They have to be obedient from their youth. If you have daughters, you have to protect their chastity. There is no such recommendation for the sons. You should not indulge your daughters. Your task, as a father, was to get your daughter married to a sensible man. If you did that you had accomplished a great task. However, there is no demand on you to have your son have a good marriage.
“So I commend enjoyment.
There is nothing better for people
Under the sun
Than to eat and drink.
Let them enjoy themselves.
This will go with them
In their toil
Through the days of life
That God gives him
Under the sun.”
Qoheleth has a response to all this ambiguity that was also found with Job. His recommendation is that they should enjoy yourselves. There is nothing better under the sun than to eat and drink. Enjoy your labor under the sun during all the days of your life that God has given you. Just relax and enjoy life.
Your father’s instruction!
Do not reject your mother’s teaching!
They are a fair garland for your head.
They are pendants for your neck.”
The first recommendation about wisdom is that children should listen to their parents. Their father and mother will instruct them and teach them. They should not despise parental instruction. In fact, they should wear their parents’ teaching on their head like a Roman garland or pendant on their necks. They should be proud of their parents.