“When he had said this,
He said to them.
‘Receive the Holy Spirit!’”
καὶ τοῦτο εἰπὼν ἐνεφύσησεν καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς Λάβετε Πνεῦμα Ἅγιον.
John uniquely indicated that when he had said this about peace (καὶ τοῦτο εἰπὼν), Jesus breathed on them (ἐνεφύσησεν). John was the only Greek biblical writer to use this term ἐνεφύσησεν, that means to breathe into or breathe upon. He said to them (καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς), “Receive the Holy Spirit (Λάβετε Πνεῦμα Ἅγιον)!” This concept of the breath of God, however, could be found in Genesis, chapter 2:7, when Yahweh formed a human man (Adam) from the dust on the ground (admah) and breathed into his nostrils to give him life. The prophet Elijah brought back to life the young boy of the widow 1 Kings, chapter 17:21. The prophet Ezekiel brought people back to life by breathing on them. Yahweh told Ezekiel, chapter 37:9-10, to prophesize to the Spirit, to tell the Spirit, ruah, to come from the four winds, ruah, and breathe, ruah, on these dead fleshy dry bones. Thus, they might live. Then the Spirit of Yahweh, ruah, came to these dried-out bones. All these dead bones got a new life. Thus, this great multitude of former dry bones stood on their feet. Here, this was an explicit statement of Jesus about the Holy Spirit, the Paraclete. There was no ambiguity. The trinitarian concept of God, the Father, God, the Son, Jesus, and God, the Holy Spirit, was now complete. The apostles of Jesus would have the Holy Spirit, since this preceded the Pentecost moment in the Acts of the Apostles, chapter 2:1-4, that came fifty days later. Have you received the Holy Spirit?