Jesus explains the enemy (Mt 13:39-13:39)

“The enemy

Who sowed the weeds is

The devil.

The harvest is

The end of the age.

The reapers

Are angels.”

 

ὁ δὲ ἐχθρὸς ὁ σπείρας αὐτά ἐστιν ὁ διάβολος· ὁ δὲ θερισμὸς συντέλεια αἰῶνός ἐστιν, οἱ δὲ θερισταὶ ἄγγελοί εἰσιν.

 

Only Matthew has this explanation about the parable of the weeds that was earlier in this chapter, 13:24-30.  Jesus, via Matthew, explained about the enemy and the harvest.  The enemy who sowed the weeds was the devil (ὁ δὲ ἐχθρὸς ὁ σπείρας αὐτά ἐστιν ὁ διάβολος).  The enemy was no longer nameless, he was the devil himself (ὁ διάβολος), not merely an evil one.  The harvest will be at the end times (ὁ δὲ θερισμὸς συντέλεια αἰῶνός ἐστιν).  The harvest reapers will be the angels (οἱ δὲ θερισταὶ ἄγγελοί εἰσιν).  The devil has sown the weeds, but the angels will be the harvesters at the end times.

The haters (Ps 129:5-129:8)

“May all who hate Zion

Be put to shame!

May they be turned backward!

Let them be like the grass on the housetops.

This grass withers before it grows.

The reapers do not fill their hands.

The binders of sheaves do not fill their arms.

Those who pass by do not say.

‘The blessing of Yahweh be upon you!

We bless you in the name of Yahweh!”

This short psalm ends with the hope that Yahweh will put the haters to shame. The psalmist wanted them put to shame. They were to be turned backwards. He wanted them to be like the grass on the housetops that withered before it grew. Thus the reapers and binders would not fill their hands and arms. In fact, anyone passing by would not bless them in the name of Yahweh.