Sheba (Ezek 27:22-27:22)

“The merchants

Of Sheba,

With Raamah,

Traded with you.

They exchanged

For your wares

The best

Of all kinds

Of spices,

Precious stones,

As well as gold.”

Sheba and Raamah, on the other hand, were in the southwestern part of the Arabian Peninsula. They traded with Tyre also since they things like very good spices, precious stones, and gold. How they had these things was not clear.

The descendents of Cush (1 Chr 1:9-1:10)

“The descendents of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah and Sabteca. The descendents of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan. Cush became the father of Nimrod. He was the first to be a mighty one in the earth.”

This is exactly the same as Genesis, chapter 10. Obviously, Cush is the name of the land in northeast Africa, now called Ethiopia, and the surrounding area like Somalia. In fact, Moses’ wife was called a Cushite who lived in Midian in Numbers, chapter 12. 3 of Cush’s sons (1) Seba, (2) Sabtah, and (3) Sabteca, are not mentioned elsewhere in the biblical literature. (4) Havilah poses a special problem since there was a place with this name around the Garden of Eden. A man with the same name was the son of Joktan, in the descendent line of Shem. Only (5) Raamah has his 2 sons listed (1) Sheba and (2) Dedan. Raamah was also a country somewhere in Yemen that traded with Tyre, as well as an Israelite city near Tyre. There also was a kingdom called Sheba that may also be in southern Arabia near Yemen. The Queen of this Sheba visited Solomon. Interesting enough, Havilah and Sheba appear with the same names as the sons of Joktan, who was a descendent of Shem. There may have been 2 people named Sheba, one a Cushite and the other a Semite. There is another Dedan who was the grandson of Abraham via his concubine Keturah. However, the most important son of Cush was listed separately. (6) Nimrod became the king of Shinar, a mighty person. In fact, the land of Assyria or Mesopotamia was sometimes called the land of Nimrod. An oral tradition holds that it was Nimrod who built the Tower of Babel. A lot of written literature has arisen around Nimrod who might have come into the Israelite sphere of influence after the Assyrian and Babylonian captivity. Some Midrash sources have Nimrod and Abraham having a fight. Nimrod became a mythical figure with Dante’s Inferno and some Free Masons.