Teaching from the boat (Lk 5:3-5:3)

“Jesus got into

One of the boats,

The one belonging

To Simon.

Jesus asked him

To put out

A little way

From the shore.

Then he sat down.

He taught

The crowds

From the boat.”

 

ἐμβὰς δὲ εἰς ἓν τῶν πλοίων, ὃ ἦν Σίμωνος, ἠρώτησεν αὐτὸν ἀπὸ τῆς γῆς ἐπαναγαγεῖν ὀλίγον· καθίσας δὲ ἐκ τοῦ πλοίου ἐδίδασκεν τοὺς ὄχλους.

 

Luke said that Jesus got into one of the boats (ἐμβὰς δὲ εἰς ἓν τῶν πλοίων), that belonged to Simon (ὃ ἦν Σίμωνος).  Jesus asked him to put out his boat a little way from the shore line (ἠρώτησεν αὐτὸν ἀπὸ τῆς γῆς ἐπαναγαγεῖν ὀλίγον).  Then he sat down (καθίσας) to teach the crowds (ἐδίδασκεν τοὺς ὄχλους) from this boat (δὲ ἐκ τοῦ πλοίου).  Now this part about teaching from the boat can be found in Matthew, chapter 13:1, and Mark, chapter 4:1.  Both Mark and Matthew indicated that Jesus began to teach beside the Sea of Galilee.  A great crowd had gathered around him, so that Jesus got into a boat.  He then sat there in the boat, teaching the whole crowd that was on the beach shore land near the sea.  Sitting was the normal way that teachers taught.  However, Matthew and Mark did not mention that this boat belonged to Simon as Luke did here.

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Description of the servant of Yahweh (Isa 42:2-42:4)

“The servant will not cry.

He will not lift up his voice.

He will not make it heard in the street.

He will not break a bruised reed.

He will not quench a dimly burning wick.

He will faithfully bring forth justice.

He will not grow faint.

He will not be crushed,

Until he has established justice on the earth.

The coastlands wait for his teaching.”

Second Isaiah describes this servant of Yahweh. He will not cry. He will not lift up his voice or cry in the streets. He will not break the bruised reeds nor put out a dimly burning wick on a candle. In other words, he will be a very quiet person. However, he will fight for justice. He will not faint or be crushed until he has established justice on the whole earth. Apparently the Mediterranean cities were waiting for this just teaching.

The power of fire (Wis 16:15-16:19)

“To escape from your hand

Is impossible.

The ungodly,

Refusing to know you,

Were flogged

By the strength of your arm.

They were pursued

By unusual rains.

They were pursued

By hail.

They were pursued

By relentless storms.

They were utterly consumed

By fire.

Most incredible of all,

In water,

Which quenches all things,

The fire had still greater effect.

The universe defends the righteous.

At one time,

The flame was restrained.

Thus it might not consume the creatures

Sent against the ungodly.

But seeing this,

They might know

That they were being pursued

By the judgment of God.

At another time,

Even in the midst of water

It burned more intensely than fire.

Thus they destroyed the crops

Of the unrighteous land.”

It is impossible to escape from the hand of God (σὴν χεῖρα), so that the ungodly (ἀσεβεῖς) were flogged with his hands. God pursued them with unusual rains, hail, and storms. However, they were consumed by fire. The water was not able to put out the powerful fire (δύναμιν φλέγει). In fact, the righteous and the creatures against the ungodly were saved. The ungodly, however, were to learn that they were pursued by the judgment of God (Θεοῦ κρίσει). Even in the middle of water the fires destroyed the crops of the unrighteous.