The pure in heart!
They will see God.”
μακάριοι οἱ καθαροὶ τῇ καρδίᾳ, ὅτι αὐτοὶ τὸν Θεὸν ὄψονται.
The happy, blessed, and fortunate ones (μακάριοι) would be those who have a pure heart (οἱ καθαροὶ τῇ καρδίᾳ). Their reward would be that they would see or behold God (ὅτι αὐτοὶ τὸν Θεὸν ὄψονται). The heart was considered the center of thought and will. Thus, we often hear people today who say that a person has a good heart. They are good hearted. The heart represents the whole person, so if the heart is pure, the whole person was pure. Only the pure in heart would see God, which was a special reward. In Psalm 24:3-4, they wanted to know who could ascend the hill to enter the holy place of Yahweh’s Temple. Only those who had clean hands and a pure heart could enter the holy place, since they could not have a false or deceptive heart. Then, they would receive the blessing from Yahweh. They were the ones who would see the face of the God of Jacob.
“Those who are generous are blessed.
They share their bread with the poor.
Drive out a scoffer!
Then strife also goes out.
Quarreling and abuse will cease.
Whoever loves a pure heart,
Will have the king as a friend.
Whoever is gracious in speech,
Will have the king as his friend.
The eyes of Yahweh keep watch over knowledge.
But he overthrows the words of the faithless.
The lazy person says.
‘There is a lion outside!
I shall be killed in the streets!’”
The generous people are blessed because they share their bread with the poor. Get rid of the scoffers, the mockers, and strife will go away. Arguments and abuse will cease if the mockers are gone. If you have a pure heart and gracious speech you will have the king as a friend. Yahweh watches over knowledge, but he overthrows the words of the faithless. The lazy person is afraid to go outside because he says that he is scared of being killed by a lion.
“Who shall ascend the hill of Yahweh?
Who shall stand in his holy place?
Those who have clean hands and a pure heart,
Those who do not lift up their soul to what is false,
Those who do not swear deceitfully,
They will receive blessings from Yahweh.
Vindication comes from the God of their salvation.
Such is the company of those who seek him.
They are the ones who seek the face of the God of Jacob.
Who can enter the sanctuary or the holy place? Who can ascend the hill to be with Yahweh? They have to have clean hands and a pure heart. They cannot be false or deceptive. They will receive the blessings from Yahweh. Only God can vindicate their salvation. These are the ones who will seek and see the face of the God of Jacob. This section ends with a Selah, a musical pause or meditation. Notice that they are seeking the face of God of Jacob, not Israel.