“He has raised up
A mighty savior
In the house
Of his servant David.”
καὶ ἤγειρεν κέρας σωτηρίας ἡμῖν ἐν οἴκῳ Δαυεὶδ παιδὸς αὐτοῦ,
Luke had Zechariah continue with his canticle of praise. Zechariah said that God had raised up a horn of salvation (καὶ ἤγειρεν κέρας σωτηρίας) or a mighty savior for them in the house of his servant David (ἡμῖν ἐν οἴκῳ Δαυεὶδ παιδὸς αὐτοῦ). This was a reference to the savior Jesus rather than to his son John. This horn of salvation was a common theme in the psalms, like in the victory Psalm 18:2, where God was David’s shield, his horn, his stronghold, and his savior. In Psalm 89:17-24 and Psalm 75:5, the psalmist glorified in his strength, since the horn was a symbol of strength. Clearly this strong savior was linked to the house of David.
“But I will rejoice forever!
I will sing praises
To the God of Jacob.
All the horns of the wicked
I will cut off.
However the horns of the righteous
Shall be exalted.”
This psalm ends with the psalmist rejoicing forever. He would sing praises to the God of Jacob. On the other hand, the symbolic horns of power of the wicked would be cut off. Meanwhile the horns of power of the righteous would be exalted.
“Not from the east or from the west,
Not from the wilderness comes lifting up.
It is God who executes judgment.
He puts down one.
He lifts up another.
In the hand of Yahweh,
There is a cup,
With foaming wine,
He will pour a draught from it.
All the wicked of the earth
Shall drain it down to the dregs.”
Judgment does not come from the east, the west, the wilderness in the south, or the mountains in the north. Only God can execute judgment. He puts one down and lifts the other up. The cup of anger was important in the prophetic tradition. The wicked would drink from the wine cup with the specially mixed foaming wine. They would drink it all down until nothing was left, their judgment.
“I say to the boastful.
‘Do not boast.’
I say to the wicked.
‘Do not lift up your horn!
Do not lift up your horn on high!
Do not speak with an insolent neck.’”
This oracle continued by reminding the boastful that they should not be boastful. He reminded the wicked that they should not lift their horn on high. The horn was the symbol of strength or power. Of course, they should not speak with insolence.
“At the set time,
That I appoint,
I will judge with equity.
When the earth totters,
With all its inhabitants,
It is I who keep its pillars steady.”
Now we have some kind of oracle by a prophet spoken in the Temple by a prophet who spoke in the name of God. He pointed out that at a set time, when he decided when it would be, God would judge the earth with equity or fairness. Thus when the earth totters, God would keep it steady for all its inhabitants. This might indicate that they were familiar with earthquakes. This section then ends with the musical interlude meditative pause, Selah.
To the choirmaster leader, according to Do Not Destroy, a psalm of Asaph, a song
“We give thanks to you!
We give thanks!
Your name is near!
People tell of your wondrous deeds.”
Psalm 75 is psalm of thanksgiving set to the tune of “Do Not Destroy,” the same as Psalm 57,58, and 59. Like the preceding and following psalm it is a song of Asaph, the Temple Singer. Here there is also a mention of a choirmaster leader. Clearly this is a thanksgiving to God because his name is near. This could be a reference to the Temple. People spoke about the wonderful things that he has done.