Thanksgiving to God (Ps 56:12-56:13)

“My vows to you

I must perform,

O God!

I will render thanksgiving offerings to you.

You have delivered my soul from death.

You have delivered my feet from falling.

Thus I may walk before God

In the light of life.”

This psalm ends with a thanksgiving to God. David renews his vows to give a thanksgiving offering to God. God had delivered him from death. He had kept his feet from falling. Thus he now was able to walk before God in the light of life instead of death.

Praise for God (Ps 56:8-56:11)

“You have kept count of my tossings.

Put my tears in your bottle!

Are they not in your record?

Then my enemies will retreat,

In the day when I call.

This I know,

That God is for me.

In God,

Whose word I praise.

In Yahweh,

Whose word I praise.

In God,

I trust.

I am not afraid.

What can a mere mortal do to me?”

God knew about the situation of David.  He had gathered the tears of David and kept a record of it.  His enemies would retreat if David were to call on God.  He was sure of himself because God was on his side.  He praised God.  He praised Yahweh.  He trusted in God.  Thus he was not afraid of mere mortals?

The enemies (Ps 56:5-56:7)

“All day long they seek to injure my cause.

All their thoughts are against me for evil.

They stir up strife.

They lurk.

They watch my steps.

They hoped to have my life.

So repay them for their crime!

In wrath

Cast down the peoples,

O God!”

The enemies of David, in particular the men of King Saul, were after David.  They sought to injure him.  They stirred up evil strife.  They lurked watching his steps in hopes that they could take his life.  David wanted God to repay his enemies for their crimes.  He wanted God to get mad and cast out these people.

A prayer for deliverance from enemies (Ps 56:1-56:4)

To the choirmaster leader, according to The Dove on Far off Terebinths, a Miktam of David, when the Philistines seized him in Gath

“Be gracious to me!

O God!

People trample on me.

All day long foes oppress me.

My enemies trample on me all day long.

Many fight against me.

O Most High!

When I am afraid,

I put my trust in you.

In God,

Whose word I praise,

In God I trust.

I am not afraid.

What can flesh do to me?”

Psalm 56, has a reference to 1 Samuel, chapter 2l, when David was escaping from King Saul.  He went to visit the Philistine king at Gath where he pretended to be crazy.  This was the same theme in the acrostic Psalm 34.  This Psalm 56 was to be sung to the melody of “The Dove on Far-off Terebinths,” but we are not sure what it is about.  A Miktam is found here and in the next few psalms.  It may refer to some kind of percussion instrument.  David wanted God to be gracious to him.  All day long his many foes were oppressing him and trampling him.  However, David put his trust in God.  He was not afraid to praise God.  After all, what could mortal flesh do to him?  He was in fact trying to elude King Saul.