“With a freewill offering
I will sacrifice to you.
I will give thanks to your name!
For it is good.
He has delivered me from every trouble.
My eye has looked in triumph on my enemies.”
This short psalm ends with a thanksgiving. David was going to give a free will offering that was described in Numbers, chapter 15. David was going to sacrifice to Yahweh by giving thanks to his holy name. Yahweh had been good to him, as he rescued and delivered David for all his troubles with King Saul. Now David’s eye looked in triumph at the defeat of his enemies, in particular King Saul.
God is my helper.
Yahweh is the upholder of my life.
He will repay my enemies for their evil.
In your faithfulness
Put an end to them!”
The response of David is to call God to help him. Yahweh was the one who sustained him in his life. He believed that Yahweh would repay his enemies for what they have done. They had not been faithful to Yahweh. He wanted them eliminated, an end to them.
“The insolent men have risen against me.
Ruthless men seek my life.
They do not set God before them.”
The insolent men have risen against David. This could be the men who reported to King Saul or King Saul and his men. They are ruthless men who are seeking the life of David. He maintains that they do not set God before them. This verse has a musical interlude meditative pause, Selah.
To the choirmaster leader, with stringed instruments, a Maskil of David, when the Ziphites went and told Saul, ‘David is in hiding among us’
By your name,
Vindicate me by your might.
Hear my prayer!
Give ear to the words of my mouth!”
This short Psalm 54 refers to an incident in the life of David from 1 Samuel, chapter 23. This event also involved Saul, who is generally the heavy or bad person in these psalms. He is usually the opposite of the good David, but rarely mentioned. This time it is a group of Ziphites who went to King Saul to tell him where David was hiding. In this choral psalm with stringed instruments, David wanted to be saved. He called on God to help him by hearing his prayer. He was trying to get away from King Saul. His plea was directly to God. He wanted to be vindicated.