Yahweh is our shield (Ps 33:20-33:22)

“Our soul waits for Yahweh.

He is our help.

He is our shield.

Our heart is glad in him,

Because we trust in his holy name.

Let your steadfast love!

Yahweh!

Be upon us!

Even as we hope in you.”

Now we are back to the first person plural possessive, “our.” Our heart and soul seeks Yahweh as a help, a shield, as someone our heart is glad over. We trust in his holy name. The conclusion of this psalm is a direct appeal to Yahweh. Let your love be upon us as we hope in you. Thus we conclude this beautiful Temple psalm to Yahweh the creator.

The eye of Yahweh (Ps 33:18-33:19)

“Truly the eye of Yahweh is

On those who fear him.

The eye of Yahweh is

On those who hope in his steadfast love.

He will deliver their soul from death.

He will keep them alive in a famine.”

Once again, the anthropomorphic eye of Yahweh is upon those who fear him and hope in his steadfast love. The eye of Yahweh will help deliver them from death and famine. Thus they will have a long life.

Yahweh controls all (Ps 33:10-33:17)

“Yahweh brings the counsel of the nations to nothing.

He frustrates the plans of the peoples.

The counsel of Yahweh stands forever.

The thoughts of his heart go to all generations.

Happy is the nation whose God is Yahweh!

Happy are the people

That he has chosen as his heritage!

Yahweh looks down from heaven.

He sees all humankind.

From where he sits enthroned,

He watches.

He watches all the inhabitants of the earth.

He fashions the hearts of them all.

He observes all their deeds.

A king is not saved by his great army.

A warrior is not delivered by his great strength.

The war horse is a vain hope for victory.

By its great might it cannot save anyone.”

Yahweh controls everything. The various nations cannot counsel together without his approval. He frustrates the plans of men. His counsel stands forever and for all generations. Luckily the nation that has Yahweh as its God will be happy and blessed. Yahweh has chosen them as his heritage. Yahweh sees all things from heaven where he sits on his throne looking at all the inhabitants of the earth. He knows their hearts and watches all their deeds. A king, a warrior, or a great war horse does not gain victory without him. Yahweh is the one in charge of everything.

The power of Yahweh’s word (Ps 33:8-33:9)

“Let all the earth fear Yahweh.

Let all the inhabitants of the world

Stand in awe of him!

He spoke!

And it came to be!

He commanded!

And it stood firm!”

Once again, this is classic language about the power of God’s word.   As he spoke, things were done. All the inhabitants of the earth fear Yahweh and stand in awe of him. Whatever he said, it happened. He commanded it and everything came about as he spoke.

Yahweh created the world (Ps 33:6-33:7)

“By the word of Yahweh,

The heavens were made.

Their entire host came to be,

By the breath of his mouth.

He gathered the waters of the sea

As in a bottle.

He put the deep areas in storehouses.”

The heavens came to be with the simple word of Yahweh, the creator God. All that exists, the hosts of things, were created by the breath of Yahweh. Yahweh gathered all the seas and waters as if he poured it out of a bottle. He had storehouses for the depths of the seas. In very colorful anthropomorphic language, Yahweh speaks, breathes, and gathers water in a bottle as the creator of the world.

Yahweh loves all (Ps 33:4-33:5)

“The word of Yahweh is upright.

All his work is done in faithfulness.

He loves righteousness and justice.

The earth is full of the steadfast love of Yahweh.”

The word of Yahweh is good. All his work is done faithfully. He loves righteousness and justice. Thus the earth is full of God’s steadfast love.

A call to worship Yahweh (Ps 33:1-33:3)

“Rejoice in Yahweh!                                                  

O you righteous!

Praise befits the upright.

Praise Yahweh with the lyre!

Make melody to him

With the harp of ten strings!

Sing to him a new song!

Play skillfully on the strings

With loud shouts.”

There is nothing here about this Psalm 33 that indicates that it came from David since there is no introduction to this psalm at all. This clearly is a Temple hymn, a call to worship Yahweh. The righteous were to rejoice in Yahweh. They should offer praise that befits an upright people. They were to praise Yahweh with the lyre, an ancient horseshoe shaped frame with strings. They were to make a melody to Yahweh. They were to use a ten stringed harp. They were to sing a new song. They were to play on the strings skillfully, not in a sloppy manner. Finally they had the loud shouts, like the shouts for war, as Yahweh would lead them on to victory.