“You shall eat
You shall be satisfied.
You shall praise
The name of Yahweh.
He has dealt wondrously
Shall never again
Be put to shame.”
Now the Israelites would be satisfied with plenty of food. They would then praise Yahweh, their God, because he has treated them so wonderfully. Then Yahweh, via Joel, said that they would never again be ashamed.
Praise Yahweh from the heavens!
Praise Yahweh in the heights!
All his angels!
His entire host!
Sun and moon!
All you shining stars!
You highest heavens!
You waters above the heavens!
Let them praise the name of Yahweh!
Thus they were created.
He established them forever and ever.
He fixed their bounds.
They cannot be passed.”
Psalm 148 is another “praise Yahweh” psalm, another way of saying alleluia, the Hebrew “Hallelujah.” This time all created things are to praise Yahweh, not just Israelites or other humans. Everything and everyone was to praise Yahweh. In particular the highest heavens are to praise Yahweh. All the angels and hosts of armies of Yahweh were to praise him. The sun, the moon, and the stars in the skies were to praise Yahweh. The highest heavens with the water that was to fall on the earth were to praise Yahweh. This is truly a cosmic praise of Yahweh. However, all theses heavenly angels and sky were created at the command of Yahweh. He established them forever with a certain boundary that they cannot pass.
“My mouth will speak the praise of Yahweh.
All flesh will bless his holy name forever and ever.”
This psalm ends with the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet in italic. David would have his mouth speak praise to Yahweh. He wanted all flesh to bless his holy name forever.
Praise the name of Yahweh!
O servants of Yahweh!
You stand in the house of Yahweh!
You stand in the courts of the house of our God!
Yahweh is good!
Sing to his name!
He is gracious!
Yahweh has chosen Jacob for himself.
Israel is his own possession.”
Psalm 135 does not have a title as this hymn praises God for his mighty deeds. This psalm begins with a “praise Yahweh” that is equivalent to an “alleluia,” the Hebrew “Hallelujah.” The psalmist wanted all the servants of Yahweh to praise his name. They were standing in the house of Yahweh, in the courtyards. They were to praise Yahweh and sing to his name. After all, Yahweh was gracious. He had chosen Jacob and made Israel his possession.
“Princes persecute me without cause.
But my heart stands in awe of your words.
I rejoice at your word,
Like one who finds great spoil.
I hate falsehood.
I abhor falsehood.
But I love your law.
Seven times a day,
I praise you
For your righteous ordinances.
Those who love your law have great peace.
Nothing can make them stumble.
I hope for your salvation.
I fulfill your commandments.
My soul keeps your decrees.
I love them exceedingly.
I keep your precepts.
I keep your decrees.
All my ways are before you.”
Princes persecute the psalmist without cause, but his heart is in awe of Yahweh. He rejoiced at the word of Yahweh like one who had found great spoil after a victory. He loved the law. He hated and abhorred falsehood. He prayed 7 times a day, much like the later Christian choral prayers. He praised God for his righteous ordinances. He wanted peace for those who loved the law because nothing could make them stumble. He fulfilled the commandments of Yahweh. He kept his commandments, decrees, and precepts. Everything was laid out for Yahweh to see. So ends this section on the twenty-first consonant letter of the Hebrew alphabet, Shin.
All you nations!
All you peoples!
Great is his steadfast love
The faithfulness of Yahweh
Psalm 117 is the shortest psalm with only two verses. This is really a doxology or praise refrain. All the nations and people are to praise Yahweh for his great steadfast love and enduring faithfulness. This psalm begins and ends with the refrain of “Praise Yahweh,” “alleluia,” the Hebrew “Hallelujah.”
“The heavens are Yahweh’s heavens.
The earth he has given to human beings.
The dead do not praise Yahweh.
Those that go down into silence
Do not praise Yahweh.
We will bless Yahweh
From this time on and forevermore.
This psalm ends with a rousing praise to Yahweh or an Alleluia, the Hebrew “Hallelujah.” In a sharp distinction this psalmist says that the heavens belong to Yahweh, but he has given earth to the humans. The dead and those who are silenced in Sheol cannot praise Yahweh. The living on earth will bless and praise Yahweh from this time on and forever.