Paul said that it was written (γέγραπται γάρ). “The Lord says (λέγει Κύριος). As I live (Ζῶ ἐγώ), every knee (πᾶν γόνυ) shall bow (κάμψει) to me (ὅτι ἐμοὶ)! Every tongue (καὶ πᾶσα γλῶσσα) shall give praise to God (ἐξομολογήσεται τῷ Θεῷ).” Only the Pauline letters used this word κάμψει, that means to bend or to bow. Paul used a citation from Isaiah, chapter 45:23, to show the biblical roots of this respect for the Lord, God the Father. Isaiah said. “To me every knee shall bow. Every tongue shall swear.” Second Isaiah had Yahweh ask that everybody from the ends of the earth should turn to him to be saved. Yahweh proclaimed that he is God and that there was no other besides him. He spoke in righteousness and truth. Thus, every knee should bow to him. Every tongue should swear to him. This is the same language that the Paul used here in his epistle to the Romans about Jesus Christ. Paul was transferring the same power and words of God, the Father, Yahweh, to his Son, Jesus, the Christ. Do you bow to our Lord Jesus Christ?
Luke said that as Jesus was now approaching the path descending down (ἐγγίζοντος δὲ αὐτοῦ ἤδη πρὸς τῇ καταβάσει) from the Mount of Olives (τοῦ ὄρους τῶν Ἐλαιῶν), the whole multitude of the disciples began (ἤρξαντο ἅπαν τὸ πλῆθος τῶν μαθητῶν) to praise God joyfully (χαίροντες αἰνεῖν τὸν Θεὸν) with a loud voice (φωνῇ μεγάλῃ) for all the deeds of power that they had seen (περὶ πασῶν ὧν εἶδον δυνάμεων). This is a unique use of the word, καταβάσει that means descent. Luke was the only writer who said that it was this descent of the Mount of Olives where all this took place. He also mentioned that only his disciples who was praising Jesus for all that he had done. Both Matthew, chapter 21:9, and Mark, chapter 11:8-9, are very similar but with slight differences. Mark said that the crowds or the people were in front of (οἱ προάγοντες) and behind Jesus (καὶ οἱ ἀκολουθοῦντες). They were all shouting out (ἔκραζον). Matthew said that the crowds were in front of him and behind him (οἱ δὲ ὄχλοι οἱ προάγοντες αὐτὸν καὶ οἱ ἀκολουθοῦντες), as they were all shouting out (ἔκραζον). John, chapter 12:13, on the other hand, simply said that they were shouting out. Have you ever been in a crowd that was shouting out things?
Luke said that at that moment or hour (καὶ αὐτῇ τῇ ὥρᾳ), when Mary, Joseph, and Jesus were there in the Temple, Anna, the prophetess daughter of Phanuel came to them (ἐπιστᾶσα). She began to praise God (ἀνθωμολογεῖτο τῷ Θεῷ), as was her custom. However, she also spoke about this child Jesus (καὶ ἐλάλει περὶ αὐτοῦ). He would be important for all those who were looking for or expecting the liberation or redemption of Jerusalem (πᾶσιν τοῖς προσδεχομένοις λύτρωσιν Ἰερουσαλήμ). This old prophet lady noticed Jesus in the same way that the old righteous man Simeon had. She came over to him and his parents. She said that Jesus would be important for anyone concerned about the future of Jerusalem. Notice that it was not Israel, but Jerusalem that would be saved, liberated, or redeemed.
We now have the final blessing from Sirach. In fact, he kind of signs off on this when he says that this is the wisdom of Jesus, son of Sira, Ben Sira, or Sirach. He wanted our souls to rejoice in God’s mercy. We should never be ashamed to praise God. However, we were to continue our work. God would then reward us in his time schedule. Therefore the name of the Lord should be blessed forever.
This work has a couple of appendices about giving thanks to God and the importance of wisdom. This was as if to envelop these sometimes mundane comments of Sirach within a more religious context. This author wants to give thanks to the Lord who is his king. He wants to praise God who is his savior. He wants to give thanks to his name, the unnamed Yahweh.
Sirach assumes the first person plural saying that he or we could say more, but it would never be enough. In fact, Sirach is very close to a pantheistic view when he maintains that the Lord is all things. However, he quickly corrects himself when he says that the Lord is greater than all his works, separating him from his creation. The Lord is awesome, very great, marvelous, and powerful. Where do we get the strength to praise the Lord? We should glorify him and exalt him as much as we can. We should not grow weary because we can never praise God enough. Nobody has seen him or described him. How can we extol him enough? Sirach has related what he has seen, but there are many more hidden things about the Lord, since he is the creator of all things. Luckily, he has given wisdom to the godly, so that they will experience a few of these marvels of the Lord.
This long psalm ends with the usual cry of praising God. This psalmist, like the Davidic psalms, talks about playing the harp and the lyre. He was going to sing praises about the faithfulness of God, the holy one of Israel. His lips would shout for joy because his soul had been rescued. All day long, he would talk about the righteous help of God. He had to add the zinger that those who tried to do him harm were put to shame and disgraced.