“‘I will rise up against them.’
Says Yahweh of hosts.
‘I will cut off from Babylon
‘I will make it a possession
Of the hedgehog,
With pools of water.
I will sweep it
With the broom of destruction.’
Says Yahweh of hosts.”
Isaiah has Yahweh give a dire outlook for Babylon with 2 oracles. Yahweh was going to cut off the name of Babylon, including the remaining people, its offspring, and its posterity. In addition to that, Yahweh was going to make Babylon the possession of the hedgehog with pools of water. Finally, Yahweh was going to take out the broom of destruction against Babylon. This large city of Babylon became the symbol of evil. These were clear oracles of Yahweh against Babylon, not just its king.
“Let this be recorded for a generation to come.
Thus a people yet unborn may praise Yahweh.
He looked down from his holy height.
Yahweh looked at the earth.
He heard the groans of the prisoners.
He set free those who were doomed to die.
Thus the name of Yahweh may be declared in Zion.
His praise may be declared in Jerusalem.
Peoples will gather together to worship Yahweh.
Kingdoms will worship Yahweh.”
This was to be recorded for posterity so that future generations would praise Yahweh. He looked down from heaven, his holy high place, on earth. He heard the groans of the prisoners and those doomed to die. He wanted the name of Yahweh declared on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem. Various people and kingdoms will gather in the future to worship Yahweh.
“To him, indeed!
Shall all who sleep in the earth bow down.
Shall bow all who go down to the dust.
I shall live for him.
Posterity will serve him.
Future generations will be told about Yahweh.
They will proclaim his deliverance
To a people yet unborn.
They will say that he has done it.”
This psalm ends with everyone on earth who goes to sleep bowing down to Yahweh. Anyone who lives or dies will bow down to Yahweh. David or the psalmist will live for Yahweh. Also posterity and future generations will learn about Yahweh and serve him. They will proclaim his deliverance to each new generation, even to those not yet born. They will tell about all that he has done.