Leviathan (Isa 27:1-27:1)

“On that day,

Yahweh,

With his hard sword,

With his great sword,

With his strong sword,

Will punish

Leviathan,

The fleeing serpent.

Leviathan was

The twisting serpent.

Yahweh will kill

The dragon

That is in the sea.”

Leviathan was a mythical personified sea serpent that was also mentioned predominately in the Book of Job, chapters 40-41, so that this oracle may be from the same milieu. Isaiah says that Yahweh will take his hard, great, and strong sword to punish the fleeing serpent Leviathan. Yahweh was going to kill this twisting serpent dragon of the sea. Later in medieval Christianity, the Leviathan was considered to be the devil in popular works. For the philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), Leviathan was a symbol of big government that came from a social contract.