Had been suffering
From flowing blood
For twelve years.
Although she had spent
All that she had
Could cure her.”
καὶ γυνὴ οὖσα ἐν ῥύσει αἵματος ἀπὸ ἐτῶν δώδεκα, ἥτις οὐκ ἴσχυσεν ἀπ’ οὐδενὸς θεραπευθῆναι
This episode about the woman with flowing blood interrupted the story about the synagogue leader and his dying daughter. However, it can be found in Matthew, chapter 9:20, Mark, chapter 5:25, and Luke here. Thus, Mark might be the source. Luke said that a woman had been suffering from flowing blood (καὶ γυνὴ οὖσα ἐν ῥύσει αἵματος) for 12 years (ἀπὸ ἐτῶν δώδεκα). Although she had spent all that she had on physicians (ἰατροῖς προσαναλώσασα ὅλον τὸν βίον), no one could cure her (ἥτις οὐκ ἴσχυσεν ἀπ’ οὐδενὸς θεραπευθῆναι). This phrase about spending all her money on physicians was only in the Byzantine text. Mark, like Luke, who probably followed him, said that she had suffered from flowing blood, rather than hemorrhages. All agree that she had been suffering for 12 years with this bleeding. Mark and Luke had a more elaborate story, about her background. Mark said that she had endured or greatly suffered much under many physicians. Thus, she had spent all her money. Instead of helping her get better, she had actually become worse. She was in a desperate situation. Interesting enough, the word that Matthew used for hemorrhages (αἱμορροοῦσα) is only found there, but nowhere else in the biblical literature. Mark and Luke said that she had flowing blood. All agree that she had been suffering for 12 years with this bleeding. Could you suffer something for 12 years?
“The angel Gabriel
Came to her.
Full of grace!
The Lord is
καὶ εἰσελθὼν πρὸς αὐτὴν εἶπεν Χαῖρε, κεχαριτωμένη, ὁ Κύριος μετὰ σοῦ.
Luke said that this angel Gabriel came to Mary (καὶ εἰσελθὼν πρὸς αὐτὴν). He greeted her with the traditional Greek salutation “Hail” or “I am happy to see you” (Χαῖρε). She was the favored one or the one full of grace (κεχαριτωμένη). The “Lord is with you” (ὁ Κύριος μετὰ σοῦ) is an ancient Hebrew greeting found in Ruth, chapter 2:4, 2 Chronicles, chapter 15:2, Numbers, chapter 14:42, and 1 Samuel, chapter 17:37. The impact of this angelic greeting has had a profound effect on Christian prayer life. The famous simple popular prayer to Mary is often called the “Hail Mary” based on this passage. “Hail Mary! Full of grace! the Lord is with you!” This medieval 11th century Marian Latin prayer “Ave Maria” is the Latin translation of these Greek verses as found in the Latin Vulgate. The second line was “full of grace” or “gratia plena” and the third line was “Dominus vobiscum,” or the “Lord be with you.” This later phrase “Dominus vobiscum,” was and is also part of the ancient and contemporary Roman Catholic Eucharistic Mass service, as a priestly greeting to the congregation. These verses serve as the foundational biblical statements for the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception of Mary, not Jesus.
“While they were eating,
I say to you!
One of you
Will betray me.’”
καὶ ἐσθιόντων αὐτῶν εἶπεν Ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι εἷς ἐξ ὑμῶν παραδώσει με.
This is similar to Mark, chapter 14:18, and John, chapter 13:21, but this phrase is not found in Luke. While they were eating (καὶ ἐσθιόντων), Jesus gave a solemn declaration (εἶπεν Ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν). He said that one of his 12 leading disciples or apostles would betray him (ὅτι εἷς ἐξ ὑμῶν παραδώσει με.). This seems like a strange time to bring this up. However, Jesus was clear, he knew what was going to happen.
“The Lord heard
Just as she was being led off
God stirred up
The Holy Spirit
Of a young lad
With a loud voice.
‘I want no part
That woman’s blood.’”
The Lord heard the prayer cry of Susanna. Just as she was being led to her execution, God stirred up the Holy Spirit in a young man, Daniel. This phrase indicates that this probably belongs as the beginning of this book and not at the end since Daniel is called young, not old. The Holy Spirit appears in prophets quite often. Daniel then shouted out in a loud voice that he wanted no part in the shedding of this woman’s blood.
I am going to gather them
From all the lands
To which I drove them
In my anger,
In my wrath,
With great indignation.
I will bring them back
To this place.
I will settle them
They shall be my people.
I will be their God.
I will give them one heart
With one way.
Thus they may fear me
For all time,
For their own good,
As well as the good
Of their children after them.”
Yahweh was going to restore the Israelites back in their land. He was going to gather them from all the countries that they had been scattered to, when he was angry, wrathful, and indignant over their behavior. They would be settled in the Promised Land to live safely. They would be his people. He would be their God. This phrase shows the strong love of God for his people. They would have one heart and one way of doing things. They would fear him all the time, for their own good as well as the good of their children to come. Happy days were ahead.
With trumpet sound!
With clanging cymbals;
With loud clashing cymbals!
Let everything that breathes
This psalm and the whole book of psalms end with the double phrase “praise Yahweh,” another way of saying alleluia, the Hebrew “Hallelujah.” This doxological praise of God explains how this is done here on earth. The various instruments were to be used in praising Yahweh, the trumpet, the lute, the harp, and the tambourine. There was to be dancing with stringed instruments, playing pipes, and clanging cymbals. Everything that breathes should praise Yahweh. This is a fitting end to a great book of praise to God.
In his sanctuary!
In his mighty firmament!
For his mighty deeds!
According to his exceeding greatness!”
Psalm 150 begins with the phrase “praise Yahweh,” another way of saying alleluia, the Hebrew “Hallelujah.” Yahweh is to be praised both in his sanctuary and in the mighty heavens. He is to be praised for his deeds and his greatness.
“Let the high praises of God be in their throats!
Let the two-edged swords in their hands
Execute vengeance on the nations!
Let the two-edged swords in their hands
Punish the peoples!
Let them bind their kings with chains!
Let their bind their nobles with chains of iron!
Let them execute on them
The judgment decreed!
This is glory for all his faithful ones.
Psalm 149 ends with the phrase “praise Yahweh,” another way of saying alleluia, the Hebrew “Hallelujah.” This is the triumph of Israel. They will have executed judgment on their enemies with the two edged sword. They will have punished people. They will have bound up the kings and nobles. They will have executed judgment on them. The faithful ones will live in glory. Thus they will praise Yahweh with an alleluia.
Sing to Yahweh a new song!
His praise is due
In the assembly of the faithful!
Let Israel be glad in its maker!
Let the children of Zion rejoice in their King!
Let them praise his name with dancing!
Let them make melody to him
With the tambourine!
Let them make melody to him
With the lyre!
Yahweh takes pleasure in his people.
He adorns the humble with victory.
Let the faithful exult in glory!
Let them sing for joy on their couches!”
Psalm 149 begins with the phrase “praise Yahweh,” another way of saying alleluia, the Hebrew “Hallelujah.” There is no introductory title. The Israelites were to sing a new song in the assembly of the faithful. They should be glad because Yahweh is their creator. They should rejoice with their king. They were to dance and play the tambourine and the lyre. Yahweh was pleased with his people. He would give them glory and victory. Thus they can sing with glory from their couches after their victory.