Pharaoh’s daughter, wife of King Solomon (2 Chr 8:11-8:11)

“King Solomon brought Pharaoh’s daughter from the city of David to the house which he had built for her. He said. ‘My wife shall not live in the house of King David of Israel, for the places to which the ark of the Yahweh has come are holy.’”

This is almost word for word from 1 Kings, chapter 9. However, it does not have the details about building the Millo. Apparently Pharaoh’s daughter, King Solomon’s wife, had her own house that King Solomon built for her. Here the explanation is that the Ark of the Covenant had been in the house of King David. Therefore it was too holy for the Pharaoh’s daughter to live in. The Pharaoh of Egypt has become the new friend of Israel. I had thought that the Israelites were not to marry non-Israelites. However, many of the major Hebrew figures did marry outside the Hebrew tribes, especially Moses and now King Solomon. King David might have also had Egyptian women with all his different wives. This is a completely different view of Egypt than that of Moses about 500 years earlier. Friends and enemies come and go over the course of time.

The birth of Moses (Ex 2:1-2:10)

“Now a man from the house of Levi went and married a Levite woman.  The woman conceived and bore a son.  When she saw that he was a fine baby, she hid him three months.  When she could hide him no longer she got a papyrus basket for him, and plastered it with bitumen and pitch.  She put the child in it and placed it among the reeds on the bank of the river.  His sister stood at a distance, to see what would happen to him.”

Two unnamed Levites had a son and a daughter.   The mother hid the son and put him in a basket along the banks of the Nile River, in the high reeds.  Then his sister watched to see what would happen.  

“The daughter of Pharaoh came down to bathe at the river, while her attendants walked beside the river.  She saw the basket among the reeds and sent her maid to bring it.  When she opened it, she saw the child.  He was crying, and she took pity on him. ‘This must be one of the Hebrews’ children,’ she said.   Then his sister said to Pharaoh’s daughter, ‘Shall I go and get you a nurse from the Hebrew women to nurse the child for you?’  Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, ‘Yes.’  So the girl went and called the child’s mother.  Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, ‘Take this child and nurse him for me, and I will give you your wages.’  So the woman took the child and nursed him.  When the child grew up, she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and she took him as her son.  She named him Moses, ‘because’ she said, ‘I drew him out of the water.’”

Pharaoh’s daughter was bathing in the Nile with her attendants, when she came across the basket with the baby.  The unnamed child’s sister asked the lady if she wanted her to get a Hebrew nurse maid.    This girl then got her mother, the mother of the child.  Then Pharaoh’s daughter asked her to nurse the child and she would pay for it.  In a strange twist of fate, Moses’ mother is paid to breast feed him and then turn him over to Pharaoh’s daughter.  Thus Moses grew up in the household of Pharaoh.  Even though he was a known Hebrew, there was no mention of a circumcision.  Nevertheless, he appeared to be separate from the Hebrew culture and more accustomed to the good life in the Pharaoh’s household.  His name Moses in fact was Egyptian and not a Hebrew name, given to him by Pharaoh’s daughter.