Jesus goes through Galilee (Mk 9:30-9:30)

“They went on

From there.

They passed

Through Galilee.

He did not want

Anybody to know it.”

 

Κἀκεῖθεν ἐξελθόντες παρεπορεύοντο διὰ τῆς Γαλιλαίας, καὶ οὐκ ἤθελεν ἵνα τις γνοῖ·

 

This incident in Galilee can also be found in Matthew, chapter 17:22.  Jesus and his disciples left the area (Κἀκεῖθεν ἐξελθόντες) around the transfiguration mountain.  They were passing through Galilee (παρεπορεύοντο διὰ τῆς Γαλιλαίας).  Only Mark indicated that they did not want anyone to know what they were doing (καὶ οὐκ ἤθελεν ἵνα τις γνοῖ).  Mark portrayed Jesus as more secretive.

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The devil leaves (Mt 4:11-4:11)

“Then the devil left him.

Suddenly,

Angels came.

They waited

On Jesus.”

 

Τότε ἀφίησιν αὐτὸν ὁ διάβολος, καὶ ἰδοὺ ἄγγελοι προσῆλθον καὶ διηκόνουν αὐτῷ.

 

This ending is not quite the same as in Luke, chapter 4:13, where there were no angels. The show is over. The devil left Jesus (Τότε ἀφίησιν αὐτὸν ὁ διάβολος). He had failed to convince Jesus in any of these temptations. Jesus had passed his first test. As the devil left him, a number of angels came, as in 1 Kings, chapter 19:4-8, where an angel came to help Elijah when he was in the desert. The shadow of Elijah appears in many of the gospel stories. These angels came to wait on and care for Jesus (καὶ ἰδοὺ ἄγγελοι προσῆλθον καὶ διηκόνουν αὐτῷ). Score one for the good guys.

The Jerusalem gates (Jer 17:19-17:20)

“Thus said Yahweh to me.

‘Go!

Stand in the People’s Gate!

The kings of Judah enter there.

They go out from there.

Stand in all the gates of Jerusalem.

Say to them.

‘Hear the word of Yahweh!

You kings of Judah!

All Judah!

All the inhabitants of Jerusalem,

Who enter by these gates.’”

Yahweh told Jeremiah to stand at the People’s Gate that is sometimes called the Benjamin Gate. Perhaps it refers to the gates in general around Jerusalem. Apparently the kings and the common people passed through this gate. However, it was not mentioned elsewhere. Jeremiah was to stand there and remind the people passing by about the word of Yahweh. This message was meant for the kings, the people of Judah, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, or anyone who entered or left through these gates.

Stay inside your house (Isa 26:20-26:21)

“Come!

My people!

Enter your chambers!

Shut your doors

Behind you!

Hide yourselves

For a little while

Until the wrath is past!

Yahweh comes

From his place

To punish the inhabitants

Of the earth

For their iniquity.

The earth will disclose

The bloodshed on it.

The earth

Will no longer

Cover its slain.”

This section indicates that Isaiah wants everybody to stay inside their houses with their doors closed. They were to hide until the anger of the Lord had passed, much like the prototype Passover. Yahweh was going to come out of his place to punish the iniquitous inhabitants of this earth. There would be bloodshed everywhere. Dead people would lie all over the place uncovered. This would be a gruesome scene.

Future reign of Judah (Isa 16:4-16:5)

“When the oppressor is no more,

When the destruction has ceased,

When marauders have vanished

From the land,

Then a throne will be established

In steadfast love,

In the tent of David.

On it,

Shall sit in faithfulness

A ruler who seeks justice.

He will be swift

To do what is right.”

At one time the Moabites had paid tribute to Judah, so that this did not seem out of place to have the same set up again. When all this destruction and oppression of the marauders had passed, the Moabites should pay tribute to the tent of David, or the king of Judah. There they would receive steadfast love and faithful justice. They will do what is right.

The marvelous Red Sea experience (Wis 19:6-19:9)

“The whole creation

In its nature

Was fashioned anew.

It complies with your commands.

Thus your children might be kept unharmed.

The cloud was seen overshadowing the camp.

Dry land emerged

Where water had stood before.

There was an unhindered way

Out of the Red Sea.

There was a grassy plain

Out of the raging waves.

Those protected by your hand

They passed through as one nation.

After gazing on marvelous wonders.

They ranged like horses.

They leaped like lambs.

They praised you.

O Lord!

You delivered them.”

Creation itself helped the righteous Israelites as they complied with the commands of God to help his children (σοὶ παῖδες). There was a cloud (παρεμβολὴν) over the camp. Dry land emerged from the Red Sea (ἐρυθρᾶς θαλάσσης) as in Exodus, chapter 13. Here there is an explicit mention of the Red Sea as they passed through a grassy plain in the middle of the raging waters. God’s hand (χειρί) protected them as they passed through the Red Sea together like horses and lambs. They praised the Lord (Κύριε) for their deliverance.

Badly kept fields (Prov 24:30-24:32)

I passed by the field

Of a lazy person.

I passed by the vineyard

Of a stupid person.

See!

It was all overgrown with thorns.

The ground was covered with nettles.

Its stone wall was broken down.

Then I saw it.

I considered it.

I looked.

I received instruction.”

This wise person passed by the fields of a lazy person as well as the vineyards of a stupid person. These fields were overgrown with thorns and nettles. The stone wall fences were broken down. Once again, this indicates a strong agricultural society where there were general rules on how to keep up your farming fields. The wise one saw it, looked at it, considered it, and received instructions about it. This un-kept farm field was a big deal.