Luke uniquely indicated that Zacchaeus ran ahead (καὶ προδραμὼν εἰς τὸ ἔμπροσθεν) of everyone. He then climbed up a sycamore tree (ἀνέβη ἐπὶ συκομορέαν) in order to see Jesus (ἵνα ἴδῃ αὐτόν), because Jesus was about to pass that way (ὅτι ἐκείνης ἤμελλεν διέρχεσθαι). Luke was the only Greek biblical writer to use the word συκομορέαν, that means a fig-mulberry tree, a sycamore fig, or a sycamore tree. This small rich tax collector ran ahead of everybody and climbed up a tree so that he could see Jesus when he passed by, an ingenious way to get a look at the celebrity who was in town. Luke was the only synoptic with this story of Zacchaeus. Would you climb a tree to see a celebrity?
This parable story about the poor man Lazarus and an unnamed rich man is only found in Luke, but not in the other gospels. Luke indicated that Jesus said that Abraham continued with his talk to the rich man. He said that besides all this (καὶ ἐν πᾶσι τούτοις), between him and Abraham with Lazarus (μεταξὺ ἡμῶν καὶ ὑμῶν), there was a great chasm that had been established (χάσμα μέγα ἐστήρικται). Thus, those who might want to pass from here to there cannot do so (ὅπως οἱ θέλοντες διαβῆναι ἔνθεν πρὸς ὑμᾶς μὴ δύνωνται). No one can cross from there to here (μηδὲ ἐκεῖθεν πρὸς ἡμᾶς διαπερῶσιν). He had no way out. Abraham pointed out that there was a big chasmic difference between where the rich man was and where Lazarus and Abraham were. No one could, even if they wanted to, cross over from one to the other. Somehow, they were able to talk to each other. Yet they were in two distinct milieus that could not meet and exchange personal contacts. What is your vision of hell and heaven?
This is similar to Matthew, chapter 26:42, but he has the actual words instead of “the same words.” In Luke, chapter 22, and John, chapter 22, there was nothing more about these 2nd and 3rd prayers of Jesus. Mark indicated that again, Jesus went away, for a 2nd time (καὶ πάλιν ἀπελθὼν). He prayed to his Father (προσηύξατο) once again. This time Mark said that Jesus used the same words that he had said the first time (τὸν αὐτὸν λόγον εἰπών). Matthew indicated what these words were. Jesus said that if this cannot pass unless he drank it, then his Father’s will should be done. Clearly, Jesus would have preferred not to undergo this great suffering. However, he subordinated his will to the will of his Father again.
This is almost word for word in Matthew, chapter 26:39. In Luke, chapter 22:41, it is somewhat similar, while in John, chapter 22, there were no indications of this prayer in the garden. Mark recounted that Jesus went a little farther away (καὶ προελθὼν μικρὸν). He threw himself on the ground (ἔπιπτεν ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς). Then he prayed (καὶ προσηύχετο), but not explicitly to the Father, as in Matthew. He said that he wondered if it was possible (ἵνα εἰ δυνατόν ἐστιν) that this hour might pass from him or be disregarded (παρέλθῃ ἀπ’ αὐτοῦ ἡ ὥρα). This was slightly different from what Matthew had Jesus say, since he did not emphasize the hour as here.
This incident about Jesus walking on water can be found in Matthew, chapter 14:24-25, and John, chapter 6:18-19, but without some of the details here. Mark said that Jesus saw that they were straining at their rowing oars (καὶ ἰδὼν αὐτοὺς βασανιζομένους ἐν τῷ ἐλαύνειν). They had an adverse wind against them (ἦν γὰρ ὁ ἄνεμος ἐναντίος αὐτοῖς). In other words, they were in a little trouble. Early in the morning, or the 4th watch of the night (περὶ τετάρτην φυλακὴν τῆς νυκτὸς), Jesus came walking towards them on the sea (ἔρχεται πρὸς αὐτοὺς περιπατῶν ἐπὶ τῆς θαλάσσης). He intended to pass them by (καὶ ἤθελεν παρελθεῖν αὐτούς). There is no indication in any of these stories why Jesus was walking on the water.
This is almost word for word in Mark, chapter 14:35-36. In Luke, chapter 22:41-42, it is somewhat similar, while in John, chapter 22, there are no indications of this prayer in the garden. Both Mark and Matthew recounted that Jesus went a little farther away (καὶ προελθὼν μικρὸν). He fell on his face (ἔπεσεν ἐπὶ πρόσωπον αὐτοῦ), throwing himself on the ground. Then he prayed to his Father (προσευχόμενος καὶ λέγων Πάτερ μου). He said that he wondered if it was possible (εἰ δυνατόν ἐστιν) that this drinking cup could pass from him or be disregarded (παρελθάτω ἀπ’ ἐμοῦ τὸ ποτήριον τοῦτο). However, he was willing to do whatever the Father wanted, because his will was second to his Father (πλὴν οὐχ ὡς ἐγὼ θέλω ἀλλ’ ὡς σύ). Clearly, Jesus subordinated his will to the will of his Father.
All three synoptic gospels. Mark, chapter 5:1-3 and Luke, chapter 8:26-27, have Jesus go the country or region of the Gadarenes (εἰς τὸ πέραν εἰς τὴν χώραν τῶν Γαδαρηνῶν). Jesus had traveled over to the other side of the Sea of Galilee to its southern tip (Καὶ ἐλθόντος αὐτοῦ). Gadara was about 6 miles away from the southeast side of the Sea of Galilee, near where the Sea of Galilee ran into the Jordan River, one of the 10 cities of the Decapolis territory. Today, it is in the country of Jordan, known as Umm Qais. There, Jesus met 2 people possessed by the devil (ὑπήντησαν αὐτῷ δύο δαιμονιζόμενοι), who were coming out of the tombs (ἐκ τῶν μνημείων ἐξερχόμενοι). These two demonic people were so extremely violent or fierce (χαλεποὶ λίαν), that no one could pass by them on their way (χαλεποὶ λίαν).
In a classical prophetic phrase, “thus says Yahweh,” Nahum issued this oracle of Yahweh to Judah to reassure them. Although their enemies were strong and many, Yahweh was not going to cut the people of Judah off. This affliction was going to pass, because Yahweh was not going to afflict them anymore. Instead, he was going to break their yoke from around their necks. He was going to snap the bonds that had bound them.
Yahweh God told Ezekiel to tell the Israelites that the land of Israel was going to become a wasteland. People would die by the sword. Wild animals would devour people in the open fields. People in the strongholds and caves would die from pestilence. The land would become desolate. The proud ones would come to an end. The mountains of Israel would be so desolate that no one would pass through them. Finally, they would know that Yahweh had made the land a desolation and a waste, because of all the abominations that they had committed.
Yahweh, via Ezekiel, said that he had judged their ancestors in the Egyptian wilderness. Now, he was going to judge them. They would have to pass under the staff of the shepherd who counted sheep. He was going to bring them under the covenant again. He was going to purge out the rebels among them, anyone who had transgressed against him. He was going to go to all the countries where they had lived as aliens. Although he was going to take them out of these countries, they were not guaranteed a place in Israel. They had to know that he was Yahweh.