“The son of Enos,
The son of Seth,
The son of Adam,
The son of God.”
τοῦ Ἐνὼς τοῦ Σὴθ τοῦ Ἀδὰμ τοῦ Θεοῦ.
These names are listed in 1 Chronicles 1:2-1:3, and Genesis, chapter 5:1-8. Luke concluded his genealogy with Adam, whom he called the son of God. This terminology was not part of the Jewish tradition. Of course, this term was applied to Jesus, the Son of God. Luke said that Cainan was the son of Enos (τοῦ Ἐνὼς), the son of Seth (τοῦ Σὴθ), the son of Adam (τοῦ Ἀδὰμ), the son of God (τοῦ Θεοῦ). The grouping has the so-called first man Adam, with his son, and grandson. His son, besides Cain and Abel who are not even mentioned here, was Seth who lived to be 912 years old. Seth’s son was Enosh who lived to be 905 years old. Obviously, there were other brothers and sisters, but they are not mentioned. This genealogy repeats the theme of Genesis, chapter 1. God created humans in the image of God, male and female. When Adam had lived 130 years, he became the father of a son in his likeness, according to his image. He named this son Seth. Adam had other sons and daughters. Thus, all the days that Adam lived were 930 years. The offspring of Seth, and not Cain, were to lead to Noah. Most of these patriarchs began having children in old age, but they all had other sons and daughters. Seth became the father of Enosh. Enosh was the son of Seth, but also the father of Kenan or Cainan. Thus, Luke completed his genealogy by going from Jesus to Adam, while Matthew went from Abraham to Jesus. These 77 names of Luke represented a lucky completion or fullness of time. Jesus would not only be a Jewish leader of the tribe of Abraham, but a worldwide universal leader.
The inspired Christian Bible actually is 2/3rd inspired Hebrew writings, so that actually Christians and Jews share 2/3rd of the inspired Bible. However, I do not know if we can break the habit of calling the inspired Greek writings of the first century followers of Jesus, the Christ, anything other than a New Testament. Traditions, both old and new, are hard to break. Calling it “New” obviously implies an old or outdated classical antique Testament. Can we change it to read the later first century canonically inspired Greek Christian writings? Or is that too clumsy?
“In the third year
Of King Cyrus
A word was revealed
Who was named Belteshazzar.
The word was true.
A great conflict.
He had received
In the vision.
Daniel, also called Belteshazzar, his Babylonian name, had a vision that took place in the 3rd year of the reign of King Cyrus of Persia, about 535 BCE. Daniel would be getting old at this time. This vision or word concerned a great conflict. Daniel understood this word because he had an understanding of this vision.
“I am my beloved’s.
His desire is for me.
Let us go forth into the fields.
Let us lodge in the villages.
Let us go out early to the vineyards.
Let us see
Whether the vines have budded,
Whether the grape blossoms have opened,
Whether the pomegranates are in bloom.
There I will give you my love.
The mandrakes give forth fragrance.
Over our doors are all choice fruits.
There are new as well as old.
I have laid up for you.
O my beloved!”
This female lover responded that she belonged to her lover. She knew that he has a desire for her. She asked her lover to go into the fields and lodge in the villages. She wanted them to go out into the vineyards early in the day. She wanted to check whether the vines had budded, whether the grape blossoms were open, and whether the pomegranates were in bloom. She wanted to give her love to him there in vineyards where the mandrakes gave off their fragrance. There would be all kinds of choice fruits, both old and new. She had prepared them for him. She wanted her lover.
“Listen to your father who begot you.
Do not despise your mother
When she is old.”
Have respect for your parents. Listen to your father and do not despise your mother when she is old. Good advice!
“Thorns and snares are in the way of the perverse.
The cautious will keep far from them.
Train children in the right way.
Then when they are old,
They will not stray.
The rich rule over the poor.
The borrower is the slave of the lender.
Whoever sows injustice
Will reap calamity,
The rod of anger will fail.”
The way of the perverse is full of thorns and snares, so keep away from them. If you train children correctly, they will not stray when they are old. The rich will rule over the poor. The borrower becomes the slave of the lender. If you sow injustice, you will harvest calamity. Beatings in anger will fail.
“Kings of the earth!
All rulers of the earth!
Let them praise the name of Yahweh!
His name alone is exalted!
His glory is above earth and heaven.
He has raised up a horn for his people.
He wants praise for all his faithful.
The people of Israel are close to him.
Every person should praise Yahweh. This included the kings, princes and all the rulers of the earth. Besides them, both the young and the old men as well as women and children should praise Yahweh. His name should be exalted above very other name. He has given to his people the horn of plenty. He also wants praise from the people of Israel who are near to him. This psalm ends with the appropriate phrase “praise Yahweh,” another way of saying alleluia, the Hebrew “Hallelujah.”
“Job again took up his discourse.
‘O that I were as in the months of old.
As in the days when God watched over me,
When his lamp shone over my head,
By his light I walked through darkness.
As I was in my prime,
When the friendship of God was upon my tent,
When the Almighty Shaddai was still with me,
When my children were around me,
When my steps were washed with milk,
The rock poured out for me streams of oil!’”
Now it is back to the old complaining Job. Once again this is a solemn discourse, not a mere complaint with his friends. This time he was reminiscing about the “good old days.” God was watching over him as his head had something like a lamp around it. Job was able to walk through darkness because God liked him in his tent. He was in the prime years of his life. The friendship of the almighty Shaddai was still with him. His children were all around him. His steps were washed with milk, while oil gushed out of rocks. In other words, these were metaphors for the fact that he was prosperous and happy.
“When news of what had happened reached the king, he took it to mean that Judea was in revolt. So, raging inwardly, he left Egypt. He took the city by storm. He commanded his soldiers to cut down relentlessly every one they met. They were to kill those who went into the houses. Then there was a massacre of young and old, destruction of boys, women, and children, with the slaughter of young girls and infants. Within the total of three days eighty thousand were destroyed, forty thousand in hand-to-hand fighting. Almost as many were sold into slavery as were killed. Not content with this, King Antiochus dared to enter the most holy temple in the whole world, guided by Menelaus, who had become a traitor both to the laws and to his country. He took the holy vessels with his polluted hands. He swept away with profane hands the votive offerings that other kings had made to enhance the glory and honor of the place.”
Up until now this author has spent a lot of time explaining what was happening with the high priests in Jerusalem. Now he picks up the part of the story that can be found in 1 Maccabees, chapter 1. King Antiochus IV heard about the uprising of the former high priest Jason against the present high priest Menelaus. He believed that this was a revolt against him. He left Egypt because the Romans told him to do so. There was no mention of the massive slaughter of the people in Jerusalem in 1 Maccabees. Here 80,000 people were killed, 40,000 in hand to hand fighting. Nearly 40,000 were sold into slavery. The emphasis in 1 Maccabees was on the despoiling of the Temple, not the destruction of the people since they simply said that he shed blood and spoke with arrogance in 169 BCE. Here the king pollutes the Temple with his profane hands also. There is no mention of the specifics of what he took as in 1 Maccabees.
“The king’s secretaries were summoned on the thirteenth day of the first month. In accordance with Haman’s instructions, they wrote in the name of King Artaxerxes to the magistrates and the governors in every province from India to Ethiopia. There were one hundred twenty-seven provinces in all. The governors were addressed each in his own language. It was written and sealed with the king’s ring. Letters were sent by couriers throughout all the empire of King Artaxerxes to destroy, to kill, and to annihilate all the Jewish people, young and old, women and children, on a given day, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is Adar, and to plunder their goods.”
The king’s secretaries were summoned on the next day after the meeting between Haman and the king. They were to follow the instructions of Haman. They wrote in the name of the king to the magistrates and governors of all the 127 provinces from India to Ethiopia, each in their own language with the royal seal. They were sent by royal couriers throughout the empire. On the 13th day of the 12th month of that year they were to destroy, kill, and annihilate all the Jewish people and take their goods. This was also the final solution of Hitler some 2500 years before his time.