“The son of Enos,
The son of Seth,
The son of Adam,
The son of God.”
τοῦ Ἐνὼς τοῦ Σὴθ τοῦ Ἀδὰμ τοῦ Θεοῦ.
These names are listed in 1 Chronicles 1:2-1:3, and Genesis, chapter 5:1-8. Luke concluded his genealogy with Adam, whom he called the son of God. This terminology was not part of the Jewish tradition. Of course, this term was applied to Jesus, the Son of God. Luke said that Cainan was the son of Enos (τοῦ Ἐνὼς), the son of Seth (τοῦ Σὴθ), the son of Adam (τοῦ Ἀδὰμ), the son of God (τοῦ Θεοῦ). The grouping has the so-called first man Adam, with his son, and grandson. His son, besides Cain and Abel who are not even mentioned here, was Seth who lived to be 912 years old. Seth’s son was Enosh who lived to be 905 years old. Obviously, there were other brothers and sisters, but they are not mentioned. This genealogy repeats the theme of Genesis, chapter 1. God created humans in the image of God, male and female. When Adam had lived 130 years, he became the father of a son in his likeness, according to his image. He named this son Seth. Adam had other sons and daughters. Thus, all the days that Adam lived were 930 years. The offspring of Seth, and not Cain, were to lead to Noah. Most of these patriarchs began having children in old age, but they all had other sons and daughters. Seth became the father of Enosh. Enosh was the son of Seth, but also the father of Kenan or Cainan. Thus, Luke completed his genealogy by going from Jesus to Adam, while Matthew went from Abraham to Jesus. These 77 names of Luke represented a lucky completion or fullness of time. Jesus would not only be a Jewish leader of the tribe of Abraham, but a worldwide universal leader.
The inspired Christian Bible actually is 2/3rd inspired Hebrew writings, so that actually Christians and Jews share 2/3rd of the inspired Bible. However, I do not know if we can break the habit of calling the inspired Greek writings of the first century followers of Jesus, the Christ, anything other than a New Testament. Traditions, both old and new, are hard to break. Calling it “New” obviously implies an old or outdated classical antique Testament. Can we change it to read the later first century canonically inspired Greek Christian writings? Or is that too clumsy?
“In the third year
Of King Cyrus
A word was revealed
Who was named Belteshazzar.
The word was true.
A great conflict.
He had received
In the vision.
Daniel, also called Belteshazzar, his Babylonian name, had a vision that took place in the 3rd year of the reign of King Cyrus of Persia, about 535 BCE. Daniel would be getting old at this time. This vision or word concerned a great conflict. Daniel understood this word because he had an understanding of this vision.
“I am my beloved’s.
His desire is for me.
Let us go forth into the fields.
Let us lodge in the villages.
Let us go out early to the vineyards.
Let us see
Whether the vines have budded,
Whether the grape blossoms have opened,
Whether the pomegranates are in bloom.
There I will give you my love.
The mandrakes give forth fragrance.
Over our doors are all choice fruits.
There are new as well as old.
I have laid up for you.
O my beloved!”
This female lover responded that she belonged to her lover. She knew that he has a desire for her. She asked her lover to go into the fields and lodge in the villages. She wanted them to go out into the vineyards early in the day. She wanted to check whether the vines had budded, whether the grape blossoms were open, and whether the pomegranates were in bloom. She wanted to give her love to him there in vineyards where the mandrakes gave off their fragrance. There would be all kinds of choice fruits, both old and new. She had prepared them for him. She wanted her lover.
“Listen to your father who begot you.
Do not despise your mother
When she is old.”
Have respect for your parents. Listen to your father and do not despise your mother when she is old. Good advice!
“Thorns and snares are in the way of the perverse.
The cautious will keep far from them.
Train children in the right way.
Then when they are old,
They will not stray.
The rich rule over the poor.
The borrower is the slave of the lender.
Whoever sows injustice
Will reap calamity,
The rod of anger will fail.”
The way of the perverse is full of thorns and snares, so keep away from them. If you train children correctly, they will not stray when they are old. The rich will rule over the poor. The borrower becomes the slave of the lender. If you sow injustice, you will harvest calamity. Beatings in anger will fail.
“Kings of the earth!
All rulers of the earth!
Let them praise the name of Yahweh!
His name alone is exalted!
His glory is above earth and heaven.
He has raised up a horn for his people.
He wants praise for all his faithful.
The people of Israel are close to him.
Every person should praise Yahweh. This included the kings, princes and all the rulers of the earth. Besides them, both the young and the old men as well as women and children should praise Yahweh. His name should be exalted above very other name. He has given to his people the horn of plenty. He also wants praise from the people of Israel who are near to him. This psalm ends with the appropriate phrase “praise Yahweh,” another way of saying alleluia, the Hebrew “Hallelujah.”