“Jesus went down
A city in Galilee.
He was teaching them
On the Sabbath.”
Καὶ κατῆλθεν εἰς Καφαρναοὺμ πόλιν τῆς Γαλιλαίας. καὶ ἦν διδάσκων αὐτοὺς ἐν τοῖς σάββασιν·
Luke said that Jesus went down to Capernaum (Καὶ κατῆλθεν εἰς Καφαρναοὺμ), a city in Galilee (πόλιν τῆς Γαλιλαίας). He was teaching them (καὶ ἦν διδάσκων αὐτοὺς) on the Sabbath (ἐν τοῖς σάββασιν). There is something similar to this in Mark, chapter 1:21, where Jesus was teaching on the Sabbath in Capernaum. Matthew, chapter 4:13, mentioned that Jesus set up his home in Capernaum. John, chapter 2:12, said that he went with his family to Capernaum for a few days. Capernaum was about 20 miles northeast of Nazareth, probably a fishing village of about 1,500 people at that time, on the northwest corner of the Sea of Galilee, in the old Israelite tribal territory of Naphtali. Obviously, there was some sort of Sabbath worship taking place there. Jesus went there, but the fact that he taught there might seem a little strange, if he had not been invited to do so. Capernaum became the unofficial headquarters for the ministry of Jesus in Galilee.