No divorce (1 Cor. 7:11)

“But if the wife separates,

Let her remain single

Or else be reconciled

To her husband.

The husband

Should not divorce

His wife.”

ἐὰν δὲ καὶ χωρισθῇ, μενέτω ἄγαμος ἢ τῷ ἀνδρὶ καταλλαγήτω, καὶ ἄνδρα γυναῖκα μὴ ἀφιέναι.

Paul said that if the wife separates (ἐὰν δὲ καὶ χωρισθῇ), let her remain single (μενέτω ἄγαμος) or else be reconciled (καταλλαγήτω) to her husband (ἢ τῷ ἀνδρὶ).  The husband should not divorce his wife (καὶ ἄνδρα γυναῖκα μὴ ἀφιέναι).  Only the Pauline letters used this word ἄγαμος, that means unmarried or not in a state of wedlock, and the word καταλλαγήτω, that means to reconcile or change.  There were only two options for the woman who left her husband.  Either she should be reconciled with her husband or remain single.  At the same time, the husband was not to divorce or send away his wife.  There was no room for divorce on the part of the wife or the husband.  What do you think about divorce?

Divorce is adultery (Mk 10:11-10:11)

Jesus said to them.

‘Whoever divorces

His wife

And marries another,

Commits adultery

Against her.’”

 

καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς Ὃς ἂν ἀπολύσῃ τὴν γυναῖκα αὐτοῦ καὶ γαμήσῃ ἄλλην, μοιχᾶται ἐπ’ αὐτήν·

 

This response of Jesus to his disciples can be found also in Matthew, chapter 19:9, where there was also an emphasis on divorce as adultery.  Mark indicated that Jesus said to his disciples (καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς) that whoever divorced his wife (Ὃς ἂν ἀπολύσῃ τὴν γυναῖκα αὐτοῦ) and married another woman (καὶ γαμήσῃ ἄλλην), committed adultery against her (μοιχᾶται ἐπ’ αὐτήν).  Jesus had taken the stronger stance of no divorce.  However, here there was no exception about sexual misconduct compared to Matthew.

Hardness of heart (Mk 10:5-10:5)

“But Jesus

Said to them.

‘Because of your hardness

Of heart.

He wrote

This commandment

For you.’”

 

ὁ δὲ Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Πρὸς τὴν σκληροκαρδίαν ὑμῶν ἔγραψεν ὑμῖν τὴν ἐντολὴν ταύτην.

 

This response of Jesus about divorce can also be found in Matthew, chapter 19:8.  Jesus responded to the Pharisees (ὁ δὲ Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν αὐτοῖς).  He said that Moses allowed them to divorce their wives, because they were so hard-hearted, perverse, and obstinate (Πρὸς τὴν σκληροκαρδίαν ὑμῶν).  Moses wrote this ordinance or commandment for them (ἔγραψεν ὑμῖν τὴν ἐντολὴν ταύτην).  Jesus had taken the stronger stance of no divorce.  However, in Matthew, there was one exception for divorce, the sexual misconduct of the wife.  Here in Mark, there is no exception, no divorce.