“The son of Jesse,
The son of Obed,
The son of Boaz,
The son of Sala,
The son of Nahshon.”
τοῦ Ἰεσσαὶ τοῦ Ἰωβὴδ τοῦ Βοὸς τοῦ Σαλὰ τοῦ Ναασσὼν
This is pretty much the same as Matthew, chapter 1:5-6, as the genealogies almost match here. Luke said that David was the son of Jesse (τοῦ Ἰεσσαὶ), the son of Obed (τοῦ Ἰωβὴδ), the son of Boaz (τοῦ Βοὸς), the son of Sala (τοῦ Σαλὰ), and the son of Nahshon (τοῦ Ναασσὼν). The genealogy at the end of Ruth, chapter 4:18-22, goes from Judah to David. Nahshon was a famous warrior prince of Judah, especially in Numbers, chapter 7:12. Nahshon was the father of Salma or Salmon (Σαλμών), the direct male ancestor of King David, and all of the kings of the Kingdom of Judah. Sala or Salmon was the father of Boaz with Rahab his wife. Boaz was the father of Obed with Ruth his wife. Obed was the father of Jesse. Jesse had 7 sons with King David the youngest son. Ruth was a Moabite non-Jewish widow. She traveled to Israel with her Jewish mother-in-law Naomi. There she then married Boaz in a beautiful love story in the biblical book of Ruth.
The father of Hezron.
The father of Aram.
The father of Aminadab.
The father of Nahshon,
The father of Salmon,”
Φαρὲς δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἐσρώμ, Ἐσρὼμ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἀράμ, Ἀρὰμ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἀμιναδάβ, Ἀμιναδὰβ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ναασσών, Ναασσὼν δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Σαλμών,
The genealogical lineage of Judah went through Perez (Φαρὲς), not Zerah. According to Genesis, chapter 46, Perez had 2 sons, Hezron (Ἐσρώμ) and Hamul. who went with Jacob to Egypt. From 1 Chronicles, chapter 2, we learn about the linage of Hezron. He had 3 sons, Jerahmeel, Aram (Ἀράμ), and Chelubai. This Aram became the father of Aminadab (Ἀμιναδάβ). Aminadab had a daughter, Elisheba, who married Aaron, the brother of Moses, in Exodus, chapter 6. Aminadab was the father of Nahshon (Ναασσών), a famous warrior prince of Judah, especially in Numbers, chapter 7. Nahshon became the father of Salma or Salmon (Σαλμών). The Greek text used the term ‘begat’ (ἐγέννησεν) to represent the relationships between these 5 men. However, it seems perfectly acceptable to simply call them the father instead of saying “fathered them.”
“Ram became the father of Amminadab. Amminadab became the father of Nahshon, prince of the sons of Judah. Nahshon became the father of Salma. Salma became the father of Boaz. Boaz became the father of Obed. Obed became the father of Jesse. Jesse became the father of Eliab his first-born, Abinadab the second, Shimea the third, Nethanel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, Ozem the sixth, and David the seventh. Their sisters were Zeruiah and Abigail. The sons of Zeruiah were Abishai, Joab, and Asahel, three. Abigail bore Amasa. The father of Amasa was Jether the Ishmaelite.”
This is how we get from Judah to David with the same genealogy that was at the end of Ruth, chapter 4, which will be picked up by the Gospel of Matthew, chapter 1. Perhaps these documents are contemporary since the genealogy at the end of Ruth seems to be an addition to the story. All this is heading, to King David, who was from the tribe of Judah. (1) Judah had a son (2) Perez who in turn had a son (3) Hezron. His son (4) Ram had a son named (5) Amminadab, whose daughter Elisheba married Aaron, the brother of Moses in Exodus, chapter 6. However, Amminadab’s son (6) Nahshon was a famous warrior prince of Judah, especially in Numbers, chapter 7. His son (7) Salma, or as he is called in Ruth, Salmon, was the father of (8) Boaz who married Ruth. He then had a son called (9) Obed. Obed’s son was (10) Jesse. Jesse had 7 sons and 2 daughters, Eliab, Abinadab, Shimea, Nethanel, Raddai, Ozem, Zeruiah, and Abigail, with the 7th son being (11) David. This biblical author also lists 4 children of the 2 daughters Abishai, Joab, Asahel, and Amasa, since they played an important role in the reign of King David.