Horse trading (Ezek 27:14-27:14)

“Beth-Togarmah

Exchanged

For your wares

Horses,

War horses,

With mules.”

Tyre got its horses, war horses, and mules from Beth-Togarmah, probably Armenia or present day central Turkey.

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Everyone is coming to Jerusalem (Isa 66:20-66:21)

“‘They shall bring all your kindred

From all the nations

As an offering to Yahweh.

They will come on horses.

They will come in chariots.

They will come in litters.

They will come on mules.

They will come on dromedaries.

They will come

To my holy mountain Jerusalem.’

Says Yahweh.

‘Just as the Israelites

Bring a grain offering

In a clean vessel

To the house of Yahweh,

I will also take some of them

As priests,

As Levites.’

Says Yahweh.”

Yahweh proclaims how they would get to Jerusalem. They would come on horses, chariots, litter couches on poles, mules, and the one humped camel dromedaries. They would all come to Jerusalem. In fact, some of these kindred people might become priests or Levites of Yahweh.

Holofernes organizes his army (Jdt 2:14-2:18)

“Holofernes left the presence of his lord. He summoned all the commanders, generals, and officers of the Assyrian army. He mustered the picked troops by divisions as his lord had ordered him to do, one hundred twenty thousand of them, together with twelve thousand archers on horseback. He organized them as a great army is marshaled for a campaign. He took along a vast number of camels, donkeys, and mules for transport. He had innumerable sheep, oxen, and goats for food. He had ample rations for everyone. He had a huge amount of gold and silver from the royal palace.”

Holofernes did as King Nebuchadnezzar had commanded. He got all his Assyrian officers together. He picked the 120,000 special troops and arranged for the 12,000 archers on horseback, his cavalry. He truly had a great vast army. He also had a lot of provisions. He had camels, donkeys, and mules for transportation purposes. He had livestock of sheep, oxen, and goats for food. He had plenty of rations, gold, and silver. He was good to go.

The complete assembly returning (Neh 7:66-7:69)

“The whole assembly together was forty-two thousand three hundred sixty, besides their male and female slaves, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty-seven. They had two hundred forty-five male and female singers. They had seven hundred thirty-six horses, two hundred forty-five mules, four hundred thirty-five camels, and six thousand seven hundred twenty donkeys.”

This is exactly the same as Ezra, chapter 2. Once again, the numbers do not add up to 42,360. However, there was never any indication that these were all the people. There also were 7,337 servants or slaves that included 245 and not 240 male and female singers as in Ezra. This is the only change in numbers. All the other numbers are exactly the same. They had 736 horses, 245 mules, 435 camels, and 6, 720 donkeys. They certainly had a lot of transportation animals. This also assumes that they all started out at the same place, which is unnamed. This was a group like a mini-Exodus from Egypt, of about 50,000 people with nearly 7,000 animals. However, there was no mention of sheep or cattle.

 

The total of all those returning (Ezra 2:64-2:67)

“The whole assembly together was forty-two thousand three hundred sixty, besides their male and female servants, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty-seven. They had two hundred male and female singers. They had seven hundred thirty-six horses, two hundred forty-five mules, four hundred thirty-five camels, and six thousand seven hundred twenty donkeys.”

The numbers do not add up to 42,360. However, there was never any indication that these were all the people. There also were 7,337 servants or slaves that included 200 male and female singers. They had 736 horses, 245 mules, 435 camels, and 6, 720 donkeys. They had a lot of transportation animals. This also assumes that they all started out at the same place, which is unnamed. This was a group like a mini-Exodus from Egypt, of about 50,000 people with nearly 7,000 animals. However, there was no mention of sheep or cattle.

Everyone brings presents to King Solomon (2 Chr 9:22-9:24)

“Thus King Solomon excelled over all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom. All the kings of the earth sought the presence of King Solomon to hear his wisdom that God had put into his mind. Every one of them brought a present, objects of silver and gold, garments, weapons, spices, horses, and mules, so much year by year.”

Once again, this is almost word for word from 1 Kings, chapter 10. King Solomon’s wisdom was so great that kings from everywhere would come to King Solomon to hear the wise sayings that God had put into his mind. Supposedly he was the wisest and richest man in the whole world, according to this biblical author. They sought out his presence. However, in return, they gave him gifts of gold, silver, garments, weapons, spices, or animals. This went on for years. Thus he amassed a great fortune.

Resources for the army of David (1 Chr 12:38-12:41)

“All these warriors, arrayed in battle order, came to Hebron with full intent to make David king over all Israel. Likewise all the rest of Israel were of a single mind to make David king. They were there with David for three days, eating and drinking, for their kindred had provided for them. Also their neighbors, from as far as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali came bringing food on donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen, abundant provisions of meal, cakes of figs, clusters of raisins, wine, oil, oxen and sheep, for there was joy in Israel.”

This gathering would have been close to a half-million people. Obviously, it only lasted a couple of days. Provisions came from all over, but especially from the northern tribes of Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali. They used all the animals of transportation, donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen. They had all kinds of meal, cakes, raisons, oil, and meat. This was a time of great jubilation in Hebron.