To the choirmaster leader, according to Do Not Destroy, a Miktam of David, when Saul sent men to watch his house in order to kill him
From my enemies!
O my God!
From those who rise up against me.
From those who work evil.
From bloodthirsty men.”
Psalm 59 is the 3rd psalm in a row that has the melody “Do Not Destroy.” Once again it is a choral Miktam psalm of David. This time the incident about David can be found in 1 Samuel, chapter 19, when King Saul sent people to his house to kill him. Then Michal, the daughter of King Saul and wife of David, saved him. David asked to be saved and protected from his enemies. There is never a specific mention of King Saul. Perhaps these psalms may date from the time of the captivity with a projection back to the time of David. David wanted protection from those who were opposing him. His opponents, of course, were the evil bloodthirsty men who were after him.
“Abner sent messengers to David at Hebron. ‘To whom does the land belong? Make your covenant with me. I will give you my support to bring all Israel over to you.’ David said. ‘Good. I will make a covenant with you. But one thing I require of you. You shall never appear in my presence unless you bring Saul’s daughter Michal when you come to see me.’ Then David sent messengers to Saul’s son Ishbaal, saying. ‘Give me my wife Michal, to whom I became engaged at the price of one hundred foreskins of the Philistines.’ Ishbaal sent and took her from her husband Paltiel son of Laish. But her husband went with her, weeping as he walked behind her all the way to Bahurim. Then Abner said to him. ‘Go back home!’ So he went back.”
Abner actually opened negotiations with David. He sent messengers to David saying that he would support him as king. However, David had one precondition, the return of Saul’s daughter Michal as his wife. There was one problem. She was happily married to Paltiel. David felt that he was owed Michal because of the 100 Philistines that he had killed. Paltiel, however, was upset with the lost of his wife and wept. This is one of the few times where the man seems to show some emotions, other than David and Jonathan. He lost his wife to David, as even Michal’s brother Ishbaal went along with the deal. There will be unity in Israel because David got back his 7th wife.
“Abner sent word to the elders of Israel. ‘For some time past you have been seeking David as king over you. Now then bring it about. Yahweh has promised David. Through my servant David I will save my people Israel from the hand of the Philistines, and from all their enemies.’ Abner also spoke directly to the Benjaminites. Then Abner went to tell David at Hebron all that Israel and the whole house of Benjamin were ready to do.”
Abner got the elders of Israel together. He told them that they wanted David because Yahweh said that he would protect them against the Philistines. However, Abner also spoke to the Benjaminites because they might be a little more reluctant since Saul had been a Benjaminite. Finally, Abner went to see David at Hebron.